Amietia hymenopus (Boulenger, 1920)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Pyxicephalidae > Subfamily: Cacosterninae > Genus: Amietia > Species: Amietia hymenopus

Rana hymenopus Boulenger, 1920, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 9, 6: 106. Holotype: BMNH, by original designation; reported as BMNH 1978.28 by Tarrant, Cunningham, and Du Preez, 2008, Zootaxa, 1962: 38; this rejected by Clarke and Poynton, 2012, Zootaxa, 3195: 51-56, who concluded that the holotype is BMNH 1947.2.28.65. See comments and photograph of the holotype by Channing, 2015, Zootaxa, 3925: 271–280. Type locality: "South Africa".

Phrynobatrachus lawrencei FitzSimons, 1947, Ann. Natal Mus., 11: 119. Holotype: NMP 699, by original designation. Type locality: "Champagne Castle (7000 ft.), Drakensberg, Natal", Rep. South Africa. Synonymy by Poynton, 1964, Ann. Natal Mus., 17: 118. See comments and photograph of the holotype by Channing, 2015, Zootaxa, 3925: 271–280.

Rana draconensis FitzSimons, 1948, Spec. Publ. R. Soc. S. Afr.: 236. Holotype: NMP 734, by original designation. Type locality: "Mont-aux Sources Summit (10,000 feet), Drakensberg, Natal", Rep. South Africa. Synonymy by Poynton, 1964, Ann. Natal Mus., 17: 119. See comments and photograph of the holotype by Channing, 2015, Zootaxa, 3925: 271–280.

Strongylopus hymenopus — Van Dijk, 1966, Ann. Natal Mus., 18: 259; Channing, 1979, Ann. Natal Mus., 23: 797-831.

Rana (Stronglylopus) hymenopus — Dubois, 1981, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 15: 233, by implication; Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 50.

Amietia hymenopus —  Channing, 2015, Zootaxa, 3925: 271.

English Names

Phofung River Frog (Tarrant, Cunningham, and Du Preez, 2008, Zootaxa, 1962: 45; Du Preez and Carruthers, 2009, Compl. Guide Frogs S. Afr.: 408;Channing, 2015, Zootaxa, 3925: 278; Channing, Dehling, Lötters, and Ernst, 2016, Zootaxa, 4155: 31).

Drakensberg Rana (Wager, 1965, Frogs S. Afr.: 154; Passmore and Carruthers, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 19: 5; Passmore and Carruthers, 1979, S. Afr. Frogs: 144).

Drakensberg Frog (Van Dijk, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 17: 15).

Berg Stream Frog (Passmore and Carruthers, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 19: 5; Passmore and Carruthers, 1979, S. Afr. Frogs: 144; Channing, 2004, in Minter et al. (eds.), Atlas Frogs S. Afr. Lesotho and Swaziland: 313-314).

Natal Drakensberg Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 107).

Drakensberg Stream Frog (Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 357).

Distribution

High elevations of northeastern Lesotho and immediately adjacent Rep. South Africa.

Comment

See accounts (as Strongylopus hymenopus) by Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 357-359, and Channing, 2004, in Minter et al. (eds.), Atlas Frogs S. Afr. Lesotho and Swaziland: 313-314. See account (as Strongylopus hymenopus) by Lambiris, 1988, Lammergeyer, 39: 96-97, who suggested that this name may cover a cryptic and undescribed species whose tadpoles he described (pp. 101-102). Du Preez and Carruthers, 2009, Compl. Guide Frogs S. Afr.: 408-409, provided an account. Kruger, Weldon, and Du Preez, 2011, Afr. Zool., 46: 309-319, discussed the morphological disitinctiveness of this species and Amietia umbraculataChanning, Rödel, and Channing, 2012, Tadpoles of Africa: 327–328, provided information on comparative larval morphology. Tarrant, Cunningham, and Du Preez, 2008, Zootaxa, 1962: 33-48, synonymised the type of Rana hymenopus with Amietia fuscigula, and assigned the Maluti River Frog to Amietia umbraculata and the Phofung River Frog to Amietia vertebralis.  Channing, 2015, Zootaxa, 3925: 271–280, addressed a number of errors in the published record, examined the relevant types, and sorted through the difficult taxonomic history of this species and who noted that until 2008, the Maluti River frog was referred to Amietia vertebralis and the Phofung River Frog to Strongylopus hymenopus, an arrangement that by careful comparison of types. See account and revision by Channing, Dehling, Lötters, and Ernst, 2016, Zootaxa, 4155: 31–33.

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