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Cacosterninae Noble, 1931
Cacosterninae Noble, 1931, Biol. Amph.: 540. Type genus: Cacosternum Boulenger, 1887. Given precedence over Hemimantidae Hoffmann, 1878, and placed on the Official List of Family-Group Names in Zoology, by Anon., 1999, Opinion 1921, Anonymous, 1999, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 56: 96-100. Junior subjective synonym of Phynobatrachinae by action of First Revisor, Dubois, 1994, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 51: 240-246.
Tomopternini Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 56. Type genus: Tomopterna Duméril and Bibron, 1841. Synonymy by Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 240.
Tomopterninae — Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 336.
Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543-583, in their study of Genbank sequences provided a tree of exemplars that confirmed much of earlier work although suggesting polyphyly of Strongylopus (see comments under Amietia and Strongylopus grayii).
Contained taxa (71 sp.):
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