Ptychadena porosissima (Steindachner, 1867)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ptychadenidae > Genus: Ptychadena > Species: Ptychadena porosissima

Rana porosissima Steindachner, 1867, Reise Österreichischen Fregatte Novara, Zool., Amph.: 18. Holotype: NHMW 14772, according to Häupl and Tiedemann, 1978, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 2: 28. Type locality: "Angola".

Ptychadena loveridgei Laurent, 1954, Ann. Mus. R. Congo Belge, Tervuren, Zool., 34: 14. Holotype: MRAC 109038 according to Lang, 1990, Doc. Trav., Inst. R. Sci. Nat. Belg., 59: 12. Type locality: "Tare, Busanza, région d'Astrida, env. 1. 800 m., Ruanda". Synonymy by Schmidt and Inger, 1959, Explor. Parc Natl. Upemba, Miss. G.F. de Witte, 56: 96. This synonymy not noted by Poynton, 1964, Ann. Natal Mus., 17: 129.

Rana (Ptychadena) porosissimaInger, 1956, J. Morphol., 99: 57; Dubois, 1981, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 15: 233; by implication.

Rana (Ptychadena) loveridgeiGuibé and Lamotte, 1957, Bull. Inst. Franç. Afr. Noire, Ser. A, 19: 942, by implication.

Ptychadena poyntoni Guibé, 1960, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Ser. 2, 32: 200. Syntypes: NMP 2303-05. Type locality: "Inhluzane, 75 miles west of Pietermaritzburg", KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Synonymy by Poynton, 1964, Ann. Natal Mus., 17: 129.

Ptychadena porosissimaPoynton, 1964, Ann. Natal Mus., 17: 129; Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 56, by implication.

Ptychadena (Ptychadena) porosissimaDubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 316.

English Names

Three-striped Rana (Wager, 1965, Frogs S. Afr.: 158; Passmore and Carruthers, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 19: 5; Passmore and Carruthers, 1979, S. Afr. Frogs: 158).

Three-striped Grass Frog (Passmore and Carruthers, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 19: 5).

Striped Grass Frog (Broadley, 1973, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 10: 23; Passmore and Carruthers, 1979, S. Afr. Frogs: 158; Minter and Passmore, 2004, in Minter et al. (eds.), Atlas Frogs S. Afr. Lesotho and Swaziland: 292); Lambiris, 1990 "1989", Monogr. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat. Torino, 10: 114; Du Preez and Carruthers, 2009, Compl. Guide Frogs S. Afr.: 318; Largen and Spawls, 2010, Amph. Rept. Ethiopia Eritrea: 185).

Steindachner's Frog (Van Dijk, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 17: 15).

Grassland Ridged Frog (Passmore and Carruthers, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 19: 5; Passmore and Carruthers, 1979, S. Afr. Frogs: 158; Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 337; Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 311; Minter and Passmore, 2004, in Minter et al. (eds.), Atlas Frogs S. Afr. Lesotho and Swaziland: 292; Lötters, Wagner, Bwong, Schick, Malonza, Muchai, Wasonga, and Veith, 2007, Fieldguide Amph. Rept. Kakamega Forest: 23).

Ethiopia Grassland Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 105).

Distribution

Western Kenya, Uganda and Rwanda to eastern Rep. South Africa, west to Angola through southern Dem. Rep. Congo, occurring mostly in cooler regions; isolated and old record for Lake Tana, 1900 m elevation, Ethiopia.

Comment

Discussed by Poynton, 1964, Ann. Natal Mus., 17: 129. Erroneously considered a synonym of Ptychadena subpunctata by Loveridge, 1953, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 110: 329, and Ptychadena mascareniensis by Guibé and Lamotte, 1957, Bull. Inst. Franç. Afr. Noire, Ser. A, 19: 978. Reviewed by Schmidt and Inger, 1959, Explor. Parc Natl. Upemba, Miss. G.F. de Witte, 56: 96-101. See also accounts by Poynton and Broadley, 1985, Ann. Natal Mus., 27: 149-150, Lambiris, 1988, Lammergeyer, 39: 84-85, Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 337-338, Minter and Passmore, 2004, in Minter et al. (eds.), Atlas Frogs S. Afr. Lesotho and Swaziland: 292-293, Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 311-312, Pickersgill, 2007, Frog Search: 143-145, Lötters, Wagner, Bwong, Schick, Malonza, Muchai, Wasonga, and Veith, 2007, Fieldguide Amph. Rept. Kakamega Forest: 23-24, and Du Preez and Carruthers, 2009, Compl. Guide Frogs S. Afr.: 318-319, provided accounts. Bwong, Chira, Schick, Veith, and Lötters, 2009, Salamandra, 45: 129-146, discussed the assignment of a population in western Kenya to this taxon. Bates and Haacke, 2003, Navors. Nas. Mus. Bloemfontein, 19: 142, suggested the possible presence of this species in Lesotho. See account, photograph, and map for Ethiopia by Largen and Spawls, 2010, Amph. Rept. Ethiopia Eritrea: 185. Mercurio, 2011, Amph. Malawi: 265, provided an account for Malawi. Channing, Rödel, and Channing, 2012, Tadpoles of Africa: 311, provided information on comparative larval morphology. Dehling and Sinsch, 2013, Zool. Anz., 253: 143–157, reported on the morphology and molecular phylogenetics of this species compared with others found in Rwanda. Ohler and Frétey, 2014, J. E. Afr. Nat. Hist., 103: 100, provided a brief discussion of a collection from northern Mozambique.  

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