Ptychadena newtoni (Bocage, 1886)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ptychadenidae > Genus: Ptychadena > Species: Ptychadena newtoni

Rana newtoni Bocage, 1886, J. Sci. Math. Phys. Nat., Lisboa, 11: 73. Syntypes: MBL T. 7.117 (2 specimens), according to Perret, 1976, Arq. Mus. Bocage, Ser. 2, 6: 21; destroyed in 1978 fire. Type locality: "l'Ile St. Thomé" = São Tomé. Corrected to "Ilha de S. Thomé: rio da Agua Grande" by Bocage, 1897, J. Sci. Math. Phys. Nat., Lisboa, Ser. 2, 6: 203.

Rana (Ptychadena) newtoniDe Witte, 1921, Rev. Zool. Afr., 9: 6; Dubois, 1981, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 15: 233; by implication.

Ptychadena newtoniPerret, 1976, Arq. Mus. Bocage, Ser. 2, 6: 20; Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 56; by implication.

Ptychadena (Ptychadena) newtoniDubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 316.

English Names

Newton's Grassland Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 105).

Distribution

São Tomé Island, below 600 m elevation, Gulf of Guinea.

Comment

Removed from the synonymy of Ptychadena mascareniensis by Perret, 1976, Arq. Mus. Bocage, Ser. 2, 6: 20 (where it had been placed by Guibé and Lamotte, 1957, Bull. Inst. Franç. Afr. Noire, Ser. A, 19: 937-1003), who noted that this species more resembled Ptychadena oxyrhynchus (in which synonym it had been formerly placed by Andersson, 1937, Ark. Zool., 29(16): 1-28). Loumont, 1992, Alytes, 10: 37-62, supported the distinctiveness of this species. Measey, Vences, Drewes, Chiari, Melo, and Bourles, 2007, J. Biogeograph., 34: 7-20, provided phylogenetic evidence that Ptychadena newtoni is phylogenetically imbedded within Ptychadena mascareniensis. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 500.

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