Ptychadena mascareniensis (Duméril and Bibron, 1841)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ptychadenidae > Genus: Ptychadena > Species: Ptychadena mascareniensis

Rana mascareniensis Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 350. Syntypes: MNHNP 4379-4381 (according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 43), MCZ 1044 (on exchange from MNHNP according to Barbour and Loveridge, 1929, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 69: 329), and USNM 10975 (2 specimens) considered probable cotypes by Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 75. Dimensions provided for only one specimen in the original paper. Type locality: "Mascareignes" and "Séchelles"; given as "Island of Réunion, Mascarene Islands (Indian Ocean)" by Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 75, and "Ile Bourbon" (= Réunion), by Blommers-Schlösser and Blanc, 1991, Faune de Madagascar, 75: 131.

Rana savignyi Jan, 1857, Cenni Mus. Civ. Milano: 52. Types: MCSM. Type locality: not stated. Considered a synonym of Rana mascareniensis (along with several other now-recognized species) by Boulenger, 1879, Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 4: 92-94; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 52. May actually apply to some other member of the Ptychadena mascareniensis complex (e.g., Ptychadena nilotica) (DRF). 

Rana idae Steindachner, 1864, Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien, 14: 266. Holotype: NHMW 3185.1, according to Häupl, Tiedemann, and Grillitsch, 1994, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 9: 31. Type locality: "Madagascar". Considered a synonym of Rana mascareniensis (along with several other now-recognized species) by Boulenger, 1879, Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 4: 92-94; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 52; Guibé and Lamotte, 1957, Bull. Inst. Franç. Afr. Noire, Ser. A, 19: 978.

Rana nigrescens Steindachner, 1864, Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien, 14: 268. Syntypes: NHMW 3185 (5 specimens), according to Häupl, Tiedemann, and Grillitsch, 1994, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 9: 33. Type locality: "Madagascar". Considered a synonym of Rana mascareniensis (along with several other now-recognized species) by Boulenger, 1879, Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 4: 92-94; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 52; Guibé and Lamotte, 1957, Bull. Inst. Franç. Afr. Noire, Ser. A, 19: 978. Junior homonym of Rana nigrescens LeConte, 1855.

Hyperolius idaeBoettger, 1879, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 11: 42.

Hyperolius nigrescensBoettger, 1879, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 11: 42.

Rana mascariensisMeek, 1910, Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Publ., Zool. Ser., 7: 403. Misspelling.

Rana (Ptychadena) mascareniensisBoulenger, 1918, Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 43: 114. Procter, 1920, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1920: 412; De Witte, 1921, Rev. Zool. Afr., 9: 6; Parker, 1936, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1936: 139; Dubois, 1981, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 15: 233; by implication.

Ptychadena mascareniensisDeckert, 1938, Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 1938: 147. Guibé and Lamotte, 1957, Bull. Inst. Franç. Afr. Noire, Ser. A, 19: 942; Schiøtz, 1963, Vidensk. Medd. Dansk Naturhist. Foren., 125: 24; Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 56; by implication.

Rana (Ptychadena) mascareniensis mascareniensisDe Witte, 1952, Result. Sci., Explor. Hydrobiol. Lac Tanganyika (1946–47), 3: 6. Perret and Mertens, 1957, Bull. Inst. Franç. Afr. Noire, Ser. A, 19: 568.

Ptychadena mascareniensis mascareniensisPoynton, 1964, Ann. Natal Mus., 17: 128.

Ptychadena (Ptychadena) mascareniensisDubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 316.

English Names

Mascarene Frog (Flower, 1933, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1933: 844; Van Dijk, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 17: 15).

Mascarene Grass Frog (Hewitt, 1937, Guide Vert. Fauna E. Cape Province, Rept. Amph. Fishes: 99; Passmore and Carruthers, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 19: 5; Passmore and Carruthers, 1979, S. Afr. Frogs: 156; Minter and Passmore, 2004, in Minter et al. (eds.), Atlas Frogs S. Afr. Lesotho and Swaziland: 286 Du Preez and Carruthers, 2009, Compl. Guide Frogs S. Afr.: 312; Largen and Spawls, 2010, Amph. Rept. Ethiopia Eritrea: 172).

Broad-banded Rana (Wager, 1965, Frogs S. Afr.: 159; Passmore and Carruthers, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 19: 5; Passmore and Carruthers, 1979, S. Afr. Frogs: 156).

Broad-banded Ridged Frog (Lambiris, 1990 "1989", Monogr. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat. Torino, 10: 112).

Mascarene Ridged Frog (Broadley, 1973, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 10: 23; Passmore and Carruthers, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 19: 5; Passmore and Carruthers, 1979, S. Afr. Frogs: 156; Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 329; Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 306).

Mascarene Grassland Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 105).

Mascarene Rocket Frog (Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 306 [alternative name]).

Distribution

Madagascar; Seychelles Islands; Mascarene Islands. See comment. 

Comment

Andreone, Glaw, Nussbaum, Raxworthy, Vences, and Randrianirina, 2003, J. Nat. Hist., London, 37: 2119-2149, discussed the occurrence of this species on Nosy Be. Glaw and Vences, 2007, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Madagascar, Ed. 3: 98, provided a brief account for Madagascar. Lever, 2003, Naturalized Rept. Amph. World: 202, regarded the populations on Mauritius and Reunion to be introduced. Vences, Kosuch, Rödel, Channing, Glaw, and Böhme, 2004, J. Biogeograph., 31: 593-601, studied molecular phylogeography, provided a map of the range, and suggested that this nominal taxon contains at least five cryptic species: (1) the population in Madagascar (which they regarded as having arrived via over-water dispersal), the Seychelles, and Reunion; (2-3) two in West Africa; and (4-5) two in East Africa (these are treated under Ptychadena "mascareniensis"-DRF). Zimkus, Lawson, Barej, Barratt, Channing, Dash, Dehling, Du Preez, Gehring, Greenbaum, Gvoždík, Harvey, Kielgast, Kusamba, Nagy, Pabijan, Penner, Rödel, Vences, and Lötters, 2016, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 106: 254–269, reported on molecular phylogenetics of the complex, in this case recognizing 12 lineages in the complex, Ptychadena mascareniensis restricted to Madagascar, Ptychadena newtoni and Ptychadena nilotica, and nine unnamed lineages, of which two coexist with Ptychadena mascareniensis in northern and upland eastern Madagascar. The remaining lineages are treated in this catalog under Ptychadena "mascareniensis" for clarity. Cole, 2009, Field Guide. Rept. Amph. Mauritius: 75-76, provided a brief account for Mauritius.

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