Pipa pipa (Linnaeus, 1758)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Pipidae > Genus: Pipa > Species: Pipa pipa

Rana Pipa Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., Ed. 10, 1: 210. Syntypes: Specimens figured by Seba, 1734, Locuplet. Rer. Nat. Thesaur. Descript. Icon. Exp. Univ. Phys. Hist., 1: 121, pl. 77, figs. 1-4, Vincent, 1726, Descript. Pipae Bufonis Aquat. Surinam.: pl. 62, Bradley, 1721, Philosoph. Account Works Nat.: pl. 22, fig. 1, Vallisnieri, 1733, Opere Fis. Med., 1: pl. 41, fig. 6. (See Vallisnieri, 1733, Opere Fis. Med., 1 for image of NHRM type.) Type locality: "Surinami".

Pipa americana Laurenti, 1768, Spec. Med. Exhib. Synops. Rept.: 25. Syntypes: Frogs illustrated by Seba, 1734, Locuplet. Rer. Nat. Thesaur. Descript. Icon. Exp. Univ. Phys. Hist., 1: Tab. 77 and by Merian, 1705, Diss. Generat. Metamorph. Insect. Surinam.: pl. 59, by original designation. Type locality: "Surinami". Synonymy by Daudin, 1803 "An. XI", Hist. Nat. Gen. Part. Rept., 8: 172; Gravenhorst, 1807, Vergleich. Uebersicht Linn. Neuern Zool. Syst.: 437; Schinz, 1822, Thierr. Naturgesch., 2: 178; Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 89; Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 774.

Buffo pipaLacépède, 1788, Hist. Nat. Quadrup. Ovip. Serpens, 16mo ed., 2: 367, 461. Rejected as a nonbinominal work by Opinion 2104, Anonymous, 2005, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 62: 55.

Bufo pipaBonnaterre, 1789, Tab. Encyclop. Method. Trois Reg. Nat., Erp.: 14.

Rana dorsigera Schneider, 1799, Hist. Amph. Nat.: 121. Type(s): "Museo Ducali Brunovicensi"; current status of these specimens not known. Type locality: "Guianae et Surinami". Synonymy by Daudin, 1803 "An. XI", Hist. Nat. Gen. Part. Rept., 8: 172; Gravenhorst, 1807, Vergleich. Uebersicht Linn. Neuern Zool. Syst.: 437; Schinz, 1822, Thierr. Naturgesch., 2: 178; Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 89; Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 774.

Bufo dorsiger —Latreille In Sonnini de Manoncourt and Latreille, 1801 "An. X", Hist. Nat. Rept., 2: 120. Daudin, 1802 "An. XI", Hist. Nat. Rain. Gren. Crap., Quarto: 85.

Pipa dorsigeraOken, 1816, Lehrb. Naturgesch., 3(2): 213. Goldfuss, 1820, Handb. Zool., 2: 131; Fitzinger, 1826, Neue Class. Rept.: 65; Gravenhorst, 1829, Delic. Mus. Zool. Vratislav., 1: 70.

Pipa tedo Merrem, 1820, Tent. Syst. Amph.: 179. Syntypes: Based on frogs described by Seba, 1734, Locuplet. Rer. Nat. Thesaur. Descript. Icon. Exp. Univ. Phys. Hist., 1: t. 77, the "Crapaud de Surinam" of Fermin, 1765, Hist. Nat. Hollande Equinox.: 24, Rana pipa Linnaeus, 1758, Pipa americana Laurenti, 1768, and Rana dorsigera Schneider, 1799. Synonymy by Schinz, 1822, Thierr. Naturgesch., 2: 178; Schinz, 1833, Naturgesch. Abbild Rept.: 237; Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 774.

Pipa cururu Spix, 1824, Animal. Nova Spec. Nov. Test. Ran. Brasil.: 53. Syntypes: 3 specimens according to the original publication, of which two these were figured on pl. 22 of; presumably originally in ZSM, but now lost according to Hoogmoed and Gruber, 1983, Spixiana, München, Suppl., 9: 376, and Glaw and Franzen, 2006, Spixiana, München, 29: 185. Type locality: "Bahiam et ad flumen Amazonum" = Bahia (now Salvador) and Amazon River. Given as "Salvador, Bahia e 'rio Amazonas'", Brazil by Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 85. Synonymy by Wagler, 1830, Nat. Syst. Amph.: 199; Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 89; Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 774. See Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 85, and Vanzolini, 1981, in Adler (ed.), Herpetol. Brazil Spix and Wagler: xxiv, for doubts about this synonymy (which possibly belongs with Pipa carvalhoi) and suggestion that examination of the types is warranted.

Pipa curururuSpix, 1824, Animal. Nova Spec. Nov. Test. Ran. Brasil.: pl. 22. Variant spelling.

Pipa pipaCuvier, 1829, Regne Animal., Ed. 2, 2: 113. Van der Hoeven, 1833, Handb. Dierkd., 2: 308.

Bufo (Pipa) pipaCuvier, 1829, Regne Animal., Ed. 2, 2: 113, by implication.

Bufo (Pipa) curururuCuvier, 1829, Regne Animal., Ed. 2, 2: 113, by implication.

Asterodactylus pipaWagler, 1830, Nat. Syst. Amph.: 199. Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 90.

Pipa laevis Cuvier, 1831, Animal Kingdom (M'Murtrie), 2: 89. Holotype: "Cabinet du Roi" (now MNHNP 0.7451, by museum records). Type locality: "Rio Negro", Brazil. Cuvier notes "There is a true Pipa in the Cabinet du Roi, from Rio Negro, which is entirely smooth and with an unusually narrow head. It will be my Pipal aevis [incorrect original spelling, clearly a misprint in context], very different from that of Merrem, which is a Dactylethra." See identical passage (with correct spelling) in Cuvier, 1831, Animal Kingdom (Griffith), 9: 401. Placed in this synonymy on the basis of Pipa laevis Cuvier, 1831, being considered a specimen of Pipa pipa in the online catalogue of the MNHNP (22 Aug. 2009).

Pipa aevis Cuvier, 1831, Animal Kingdom (M'Murtrie), 2: 89. Incorrect original spelling, clearly a misprint in context—DRF.

Leptopus asterodactylus Mayer, 1835, Analect. Vergl. Anat.: 34. Substitute name for Rana americana Laurenti, 1768. Synonymy by Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 89; Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 774.

Pipa surinamensis Duvernoy In Cuvier, 1849, Regne Animal, Disciples Ed., 6: 155. Holotype: Animal figured in plate 39 of original publication; presumably originally in MNHNP, but not recorded as being their now (22 Aug. 2009). Type locality: "Surinam". Synonymy by Dunn, 1948, Am. Mus. Novit., 1384: 10.

Pipa dorsigerus —Gistel In Gistel and Bromme, 1850, Handb. Naturgesch.: 331.

Asterodactylus dorsigeraGistel, 1851, Naturgesch. Thierr., Ed. 2: 101.

Pipa sedoSchlegel, 1858, Handl. Dierkd., 2: 59. Incorrect subsequent spelling of Pipa tedo Merrem, 1820.

Asterodactylus dorsigerFitzinger, 1864, Bilder Altas Wissenschaftl. Naturgesch. Amph.: pl. 95, fig. 167.

Pipa americanaBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 459.

Pipa surinamensisSclater, 1895, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1895: 86. See Boulenger, 1896, Zool. Rec., 32: 34, who regarded this as a replacement name for Pipa americana, although no evidence in text suggests anything other than a subsequent use of Pipa surinamensis Duvernoy.

Pipa pernigra Barbour, 1923, Proc. New England Zool. Club, 9: 4. Holotype: MCZ 1442, by original designation. Type locality: "Lago Maximo, near Villa Bella [between the mouths of the Medeira and Tapajoz], Brazil". Synonymy by Dunn, 1948, Am. Mus. Novit., 1384: 10 (following suggestion by Noble, 1925, Am. Mus. Novit., 164: 1).

Pipa pipaDunn, 1948, Am. Mus. Novit., 1384: 9.

English Names

Surinam Toad (Barnes, 1826, Am. J. Sci. Arts, 11: 271; Wood, 1863, Illust. Nat. Hist., 3: 151; Cochran, 1961, Living Amph. World: 49; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 96).

Surinam Water-toad (Sclater, 1895, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1895: 86).

Pipa (Lacépède, 1802, Nat. Hist. Ovip. Quadruped. (Kerr transl.): 311).

Distribution

Amazonian Bolivia and Brazil to Colombia and the Guianas to Peru, Ecuador; Trinidad.

Comment

Lescure and Marty, 2000, Collect. Patrimoines Nat., Paris, 45: 282-283, provided a photo and brief account for French Guiana. Rodríguez and Duellman, 1994, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 22: 77, provided a brief account for the Iquitos region of northeastern Peru. Gorzula and Señaris, 1999 "1998", Scient. Guaianae, 8: 84-85, commented on range in Venezuela. Barrio-Amorós, 1999 "1998", Acta Biol. Venezuelica, 18: 60, commented on the Venezuelan distribution. Murphy, 1997, Amph. Rept. Trinidad Tobago: 95, provided a brief account for Trinidad. Cisneros-Heredia, 2006, Herpetol. Rev., 37: 359, provided a range extension in Ecuador to the Province of Pastaza. Vaz-Silva and Andrade, 2009, Check List, 5: 507-509, provided a record for Goias, Brazil, and provided a distribution map. See account for Surinam population by Ouboter and Jairam, 2012, Amph. Suriname: 292-295.

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