Phrynobatrachus plicatus (Günther, 1858)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Phrynobatrachidae > Genus: Phrynobatrachus > Species: Phrynobatrachus plicatus

Hyperolius plicatus Günther, 1858, Arch. Naturgesch., 24: 326. Holotype: BMNH 1947.2.29.47 (formerly, according to Grandison, 1985, In Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 449. Type locality: "Guinea"; later rendered as "Coast of Guinea" by Günther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 88.

Staurois plicatusCope, 1865, Nat. Hist. Rev., N.S., 5: 117.

Heteroglossa plicataCope, 1867, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, Ser. 2, 6: 198.

Arthroleptis plicataPeters, 1875, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1875: 210.

Phrynobatrachus plicatusBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 112; Deckert, 1938, Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 1938: 133, 161.

Hyperolius (Arthroleptis) plicatusKnauer, 1878, Naturgesch. Lurche: 111.

Phrynobatrachus (Phrynobatrachus) plicatusLaurent, 1941, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 34: 199.

Phrynobatrachus aelleni Loveridge, 1955, Rev. Suisse Zool., 62: 145. Holotype: MHNG 1056.97 according to Schätti, Perret, and Mariaux, 2002, Cat. Comm. Types Amph. Rept. Mus. Hist. Nat. Geneve, Vers. 4.0 (Jan. 2002): 16. Type locality: "temporary pool on a forest trail near the research centre (C. S. R. S. ) to the west of Abidjan, Ivory Coast". Synonymy by Lamotte and Xavier, 1966, Bull. Inst. Fondam. Afr. Noire, Ser. A, 28: 1606.

Phrynobatrachus plicatus plicatusPerret, 1966, Zool. Jahrb., Jena, Abt. Syst., 93: 355 [by implication].

English Names

Coast River Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 104).


Forests of West Africa from southern Guinea, Liberia, southern Ivory Coast, western Togo, apparently absent from Benin, and to southern Nigeria; likely to be found in Sierra Leone.


See De Witte, 1941, Explor. Parc Natl. Albert, Miss. G.F. de Witte (1933–1935), 33: 73–74, and Lamotte and Xavier, 1966, Bull. Inst. Fondam. Afr. Noire, Ser. A, 28: 1606, for accounts. See comment under Phrynobatrachus auritus. Schiøtz, 1963, Vidensk. Medd. Dansk Naturhist. Foren., 125: 39–41, provided records for Nigeria (as Phrynobatrachus plicatus and Phrynobatrachus aelleni). Frétey, 2008, Alytes, 25: 99–172, summarized the literature. Rödel, Boateng, Penner, and Hillers, 2009, Zootaxa, 1970: 52–62, mapped the distribution. Onadeko and Rödel, 2009, Salamandra, 45: 1–14, provided a record for southwestern Nigeria. Hillers, Boateng, Segniagbeto, Agyei, and Rödel, 2009, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 85: 127–141, provided new records in central Ghana. In species group C of Zimkus, Rödel, and Hillers, 2010, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 55: 883–900. Marques, Ceríaco, Blackburn, and Bauer, 2018, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 65 (Suppl. II): 148–149, provided a map for Angola and brief discussion of the literature, noting that the one record from the Cabina enclave, Angola, is probably referrable to Phrynobatrachus auritus

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