Phrynobatrachus minutus (Boulenger, 1895)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Phrynobatrachidae > Genus: Phrynobatrachus > Species: Phrynobatrachus minutus

Arthroleptis minutus Boulenger, 1895, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1895: 539. Holotype: BMNH 1947.2.30.51 (formerly, according to Grandison, 1985, In Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 448. Type locality: "Durro" (= Duro), Ethiopia.

Phrynobatrachus (Pararthroleptis) minutusLaurent, 1941, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 34: 205.

Phrynobatrachus minutusLaurent, 1954, Publ. Cult. Companhia Diamantes Angola, 23: 74. Guibé and Lamotte, 1958, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Ser. 2, 30: 257; Laurent, 1972, Explor. Parc Natl. Virunga, Ser. 2, 22: 114.

English Names

Tiny River Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 104).

Ethiopian Dwarf Puddle Frog (Largen and Spawls, 2010, Amph. Rept. Ethiopia Eritrea: 207).


Central plateau of Ethiopia on both sides of the rift at elevations of 800–2800 m.


Formerly considered a synonym of Phrynobatrachus parvulus by Schmidt and Inger, 1959, Explor. Parc Natl. Upemba, Miss. G.F. de Witte, 56: 160. Lanza, 1990, Biogeographia, 14: 410, doubted the Somalia record by Loveridge, 1957, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 117: 349, repeated by Grandison, 1985, In Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 448. Largen, 2001, Tropical Zool., 14: 287–306, reported on geographic variation and distribution and provided comparisons with Phrynobatrachus keniensis, Phrynobatrachus anotis, Phrynobatrachus bequaerti, Phrynobatrachus parvulus, Phrynobatrachus mababiensis, Phrynobatrachus scapularis, Phrynobatrachus rouxi, Phrynobatrachus albifer, Phrynobatrachus scheffleri, and Phrynobatrachus cryptotis. Lanza, 1990, Biogeographia, 14: 410, noted but doubted the Somalia record. Frétey, 2008, Alytes, 25: 99–172, summarized the literature. See comment under Phrynobatrachus scheffleri. In species group B of Zimkus, Rödel, and Hillers, 2010, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 55: 883–900. See account and map for Ethiopia by Largen and Spawls, 2010, Amph. Rept. Ethiopia Eritrea: 207. Marques, Ceríaco, Blackburn, and Bauer, 2018, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 65 (Suppl. II): 138–139, provided a map of this nominal species for Angola and brief discussion of the literature, regarding all of these records as misidentifications. 

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