Odontophrynidae Lynch, 1969
Odontophrynini Lynch, 1969, Final PhD Exam, Program: 3. Lynch, 1971, Misc. Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 53: 142. Type genus: Odontophrynus Reinhardt and Lütken, 1862 "1861"..
Odontophryini — Lynch, 1973, BioScience, 23: 497.
Odontophrynae — Ardila-Robayo, 1979, Caldasia, 12: 474-475.
Odontophryinidae — Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543-583.
Southern and eastern South America.
Original recognized by Lynch, 1969, Final PhD Exam, Program: 3; Lynch, 1971, Misc. Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 53: 142, as a similarity grouping within the huge Leptodactylidae (sensu lato) recognized at that time. Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 210, recognized the members of Odontophrynini as part of their Cycloramphidae (sensu lato). Roelants, Gower, Wilkinson, Loader, Biju, Guillaume, Moriau, and Bossuyt, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 104: 887-892, on the basis of less inclusive sampling, a moderately different molecular dataset, and a different analytical method than Frost et al. (2006) found Cycloramphidae (sensu lato) to be polyphyletic, with Rhinoderma and Odontophrynus to be far from each other phylogenetically. Heinicke, Duellman, Trueb, Means, MacCulloch, and Hedges, 2009, Zootaxa, 2211: 1-35, suggested on the basis of considerable molecular evidence, but narrower taxon sampling than Frost et al. (2006) that Cycloramphidae is not monophyletic, with the Odontophrynus and Proceratophrys being relatively close to Bufonidae, with other elements being related to other taxa. Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 572, in their study of Genbank sequences recovered and recognized Odontophrynidae as here employed. For additional discussion see comments under Ceratophryidae and Cycloramphidae for discussion of this and related clades of South American frogs. Blackburn and Wake, 2011, In Zhang (ed.), Zootaxa, 3148: 39-55, briefly reviewed the taxonomic history of this taxon. Dias, Amaro, Carvalho-e-Silva, and Rodrigues, 2013, Zootaxa, 3682: 277–304, provided a Bayesian tree of molecular data for the family, with particular focus on the species of Proceratophrys.
Contained taxa (52 sp.):
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