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Nyctibatrachidae Blommers-Schlösser, 1993
Nyctibatrachinae Blommers-Schlösser, 1993, Ethol. Ecol. Evol., 5: 211. Type genus: Nyctibatrachus Boulenger, 1882.
Lankanectinae Dubois and Ohler, 2001, Alytes, 19: 82. Type genus: Lankanectes Dubois and Ohler, 2001. Synonymy by Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, and Green, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 247.
Robust Frogs (Vitt and Caldwell, 2009, Herpetology, 3rd Ed.: 477).
Western Ghats in India; Sri Lanka.
Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, and Green, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297, redelimited the taxon and considered it to be distantly related to Ranidae, with which it had formerly been confused. Bossuyt, Brown, Hillis, Cannatella, and Milinkovitch, 2006, Syst. Biol., 55: 579-594, provided results that corroborates the monophyly of Nyctibatrachidae (sensu Frost et al., 2006). Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543-583, in their study of Genbank sequences confirmed the monophyly of the family and its position as the sister taxon of Ceratobatrachidae + "Ingerana" baluensis. Bossuyt and Roelants, 2009, in Hedges and Kumar (eds.), Timetree of Life: 357-364, considered this taxon a distinct family based on its Mesozoic origin. Blackburn and Wake, 2011, In Zhang (ed.), Zootaxa, 3148: 39-55, briefly reviewed the taxonomic history of this taxon. Van Bocxlaer, Biju, Willaert, Giri, Shouche, and Bossuyt, 2012, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 62: 839-847, reported on the molecular phylogenetics and biogeography of the family. Vitt and Caldwell, 2013, Herpetology, 4th Ed., provided a summary of life history, diagnosis, and taxonomy.
Contained taxa (28 sp.):
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