Otophryninae Wassersug and Pyburn, 1987
Otophryninae Wassersug and Pyburn, 1987, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 91: 166. Type genus: Otophryne Boulenger, 1900.
Colombia, Ecuador, and northwestern Peru east through the Guianas and northern Brazil.
Considered a synonym of Microhylinae (sensu lato) by Wild, 1995, Copeia, 1995: 845, but Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 225, removed Otophryne from any subfamily pending resolution of its phylogenetic placement. Subsequently, van der Meijden, Vences, Hoegg, Boistel, Channing, and Meyer, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 44: 1017-1030. suggested on the basis of DNA sequence evidence that Otophryninae is not closely related to Gastrophryninae or Microhylinae. Not treated by Bossuyt and Roelants, 2009, in Hedges and Kumar (eds.), Timetree of Life: 357-364. Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543-583, in their study of Genbank sequences, considered Otophryninae as the sister taxon of all Microhylidae, excepting Phrynomerinae. de Sá, Streicher, Sekonyela, Forlani, Loader, Greenbaum, Richards, and Haddad, 2012, BMC Evol. Biol., 12(241): 1-21, suggested that Otophryninae is deeply imbedded within the microhylid tree and the sister taxon of Kalophryninae.
Contained taxa (6 sp.):
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