Uperodon taprobanicus (Parker, 1934)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Microhylidae > Subfamily: Microhylinae > Genus: Uperodon > Species: Uperodon taprobanicus

Kaloula pulchra taprobanica Parker, 1934, Monogr. Frogs Fam. Microhylidae: 86. Holotype: BMNH 1905.3.25.138, by original designation; now 1947.2.10.62, by museum records. Type locality: "Punduloya, Ceylon, 4,000 ft.", Sri Lanka.

Kaloula taprobanicaDutta and Manamendra-Arachchi, 1996, Amph. Fauna Sri Lanka: 30.

Uperodon taprobanicus — Peloso, Frost, Richards, Rodrigues, Donnellan, Matsui, Raxworthy, Biju, Lemmon, Lemmon, and Wheeler, 2016, Cladistics, 32: 140. 

English Names

Sri Lankan Bullfrog (Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 64; Schleich, Anders, and Kästle, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 78).

Sri Lankan Kaloula (Anders, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 183; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 52).

Indian Painted Frog (Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 118).

Ceylon Kaloula (Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 118).

Sri Lankan Painted Frog (Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 64).

Common Bullfrog (de Silva, 2009, Amph. Rep. Sri Lanka Photograph. Guide: 77).

Distribution

Northeastern India (including Assam and West Bengal) and Bangladesh south to Sri Lanka at low elevations; low elevations of Nepal.

Comment

Sri Lanka population discussed by Kirtisinghe, 1957, Amph. Ceylon: 78-80. See account by Dutta and Manamendra-Arachchi, 1996, Amph. Fauna Sri Lanka: 20, and brief account by Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 58-59. Biju, 2001, Occas. Publ. Indian Soc. Conserv. Biol., 1: 9, reported this species from the Western Ghats in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Kerala. Anders, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 158-162, provided an account for Nepalese population but noted that confusion with Kaloula pulchra exists. See Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 141, for Nepal record (as Kaloula pulchra). Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 118-121, provided an account for peninsular India. Reza and Mahony, 2007, Herpetol. Rev., 38: 348, provided a record for Madhupur National Park, Bangladesh. Gajbe, 2003, Cobra, Chennai, 52: 17-18, provided a record for Madhya Pradesh, India. Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 64-65, provided a brief characterization and photographs. de Silva, 2009, Amph. Rep. Sri Lanka Photograph. Guide: 77, provided a brief account and color photograph. Bopage, Wewelwala, Krvavac, Jovanovic, Safarek, and Pushpamal, 2011, Salamandra, 47: 173-177, reported the species in lowland forest in the Kanneliya Forest of southwestern Sri Lanka. See Shah and Tiwari, 2004, Herpetofauna Nepal: 38, for brief account for Nepal. Hasan and Sumida, 2012, Herpetol. Rev., 43: 97, provided a range extension in Bangladesh and briefly commented on the range. Wewelwala, Alagiyawadu, Kodituwakku, and Bopage, 2013, Zootaxa, 3716: 98-100, reported on larval morphology. Sivaprasad, 2013, Common Amph. Kerala: 84–85, provided a brief account, photograph, and dot map for Kerala, India. Ravikanth, Narayana, Mohan, and Naresh, 2017, Herpetol. Rev., 48: 121, provided a record for the Eastern Ghats of the state of Telegana, South India. 

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