Microhyla rubra (Jerdon, 1854)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Microhylidae > Subfamily: Microhylinae > Genus: Microhyla > Species: Microhyla rubra

Engystoma rubrum Jerdon, 1853, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 22: 534. Type(s): Not stated, presumably originally in ZSIC although not reported in type lists; reported as lost by Jerdon, 1870, Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 1870: 67. Type locality: "in the Carnatic near rivers, in sandy banks . . . also Ceylon", southern India and Sri Lanka.

Copea fulva Steindachner, 1864, Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien, 14: 286. Syntypes: NHMW 16384. 1-2, according to Häupl and Tiedemann, 1978, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 2: 15, and Häupl, Tiedemann, and Grillitsch, 1994, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 9: 18. Type locality: "Brasilien", in error according to Parker, 1932, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 10, 10: 341, who made the synonymy.

Microhyla rubraBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 164.

Microhyla fulvaMiranda-Ribeiro, 1926, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 27: 156.

Microhyla (Diplopelma) rubraDubois, 1987, Alytes, 6: 4.

English Names

Guangdong Rice Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 91).

Red Narrow-mouthed Frog (Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 64; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 56).

Densely Spotted Microhylid Frog (Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 42).

Jerdon's Narrow-mouthed Frog (Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 68).

Distribution

India (Goa, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Assam, and West Bengal) to Magwe Division, western Myanmar; possibly in Bangladesh and Nepal.

Comment

Subgenus Diplopelma.  Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 61-62, provided relevant literature (but Sri Lankan localities are now referrable to . Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 42, provided a brief account. Anders, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 193-194, provided an account for a Kaloula species similar to Kaloula rubra in Nepal. Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 126-129, provided an account for peninsular India. Wogan, Vindum, Wilkinson, Koo, Slowinski, Win, Thin, Kyi, Oo, Lwin, and Shein, 2008, Hamadryad, 33: 84-86, provided the first record for Magwe Division, western Myanmar. Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 68, provided a brief characterization and photographs. Sivaprasad, 2013, Common Amph. Kerala: 90–91, provided a brief account, photograph, and dot map for Kerala, India. Bowatte and Meegaskumbura, 2011, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 5: 22–32, reported on larval morphology and ecology. 

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