Microhyla pulchra (Hallowell, 1861)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Microhylidae > Subfamily: Microhylinae > Genus: Microhyla > Species: Microhyla pulchra

Engystoma pulchrum Hallowell, 1861 "1860", Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 12: 506. Holotype: Deposition not stated, presumably USNM or ANSP. Type locality: "Hong-Kong, China. Common in the brackish water marshes between Hong-Kong and Whampoa [=Huang-Pu]", Guangdong, China.

Scaptophryne labyrinthica Fitzinger, 1861 "1860", Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Phys. Math. Naturwiss. Kl., 42: 416. Types: Not stated, though likely NHMW. Type locality: "Hong Kong", China. Nomen nudum. Synonymy by Steindachner, 1867, Reise Österreichischen Fregatte Novara, Zool., Amph.: 36; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 166; Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 522.

Diplopelma pulchrumGünther, 1864, Rept. Brit. India: 417.

Ranina symetrica David, 1872 "1871", Nouv. Arch. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, 7: 76. Types: Not stated, presumably MNHNP but not reported in type lists. Type locality: "les collines voisines du Yantzékiang, et devient abondante vers le Setchuan", (= Hills near the Yangtzékiang [= Chang Jiang], and toward Sichuan Province, China. Synonymy by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 166; Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 522.

Microhyla pulchraBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 165.

Microhyla hainanensis Barbour, 1908, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 51: 322. Syntypes: MCZ 2435 (4 specimens), by original designation. Type locality: "Mt. Wuchi [= Wuzhi], Central Hainan [Island]"., Hainan Province, China. Synonymy by Smith, 1923, J. Nat. Hist. Soc. Siam, 6: 211; Parker, 1928, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 10, 2: 484.

Microhyla melli Vogt, 1914, Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 1914: 101. Holotype: ZMB 24097 according to Parker, 1934, Monogr. Frogs Fam. Microhylidae: 138, and Bauer, Günther, and Robeck, 1996, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 72: 266. Type locality: "Umbegung der Stadt Canton" (= Environs of the city of Canton [= Guangzhou Shi]), Guangdong Province, China. Synonymy by Parker, 1934, Monogr. Frogs Fam. Microhylidae: 137; Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 522.

Microhyla (Diplopelma) pulchrumBourret, 1927, Fauna Indochine, Vert., 3: 263.

Microhyla major Ahl, 1930, Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 1930: 317. Holotype: ZMB, unnumber according to the original publication and Parker, 1934, Monogr. Frogs Fam. Microhylidae: 138. Type locality: Not stated; presumably Yaoshan [= Dayao Shan, Kwangsi [=Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China]. Synonymy by Parker, 1934, Monogr. Frogs Fam. Microhylidae: 137; Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 522.

Microhyla (Diplopelma) pulchraDubois, 1987, Alytes, 6: 4.

English Names

Guangdong Rice Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 91).

Marbled Pigmy Frog (Karsen, Lau, and Bogadek, 1986, Hong Kong Amph. Rept.: 36; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 55).

Yellow-legged Pigmy Frog (Karsen, Lau, and Bogadek, 1986, Hong Kong Amph. Rept.: 36).

Beautiful Pygmy Frog (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 296).

Painted Frog (Dey and Gupta, 2001 "2000", Hamadryad, 25: 214).

Yellow-legged Narrow-mouthed Frog (Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 159).

Painted Chorus Frog (Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 104).

Beautiful Pigmy Frog  (Vassilieva, Galoyan, Poyarkov, and Geissler, 2016, Photograph. Field Guide Amph. Rept. Lowland S. Vietnam: 83). 

Distribution

Southern China (including southern Yunnan and Hainan I. to Hubei and Zhejiang) west to northeastern India; Thailand; Indochina; introduced to Guam.

Comment

See Chang, 1947, Trans. Chinese Assoc. Adv. Sci., 9: 98, and Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 522-524. See accounts by Taylor, 1962, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 43: 548-554; and Yang, 1991, Amph. Fauna of Yunnan: 245-247; Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China: 345; and Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 296-297. Dey and Gupta, 2001 "2000", Hamadryad, 25: 214-215, discussed the distribution in India. Recorded for Malaysia and Singapore by Khonsue and Thirakhupt, 2001, Nat. Hist. J. Chulalongkorn Univ., 1: 77; this requires confirmation. Karsen, Lau, and Bogadek, 1986, Hong Kong Amph. Rept.: 36, provided a brief account. Zhang and Wen, 2000, Amph. Guangxi: 147, provided an account for Guangxi. Orlov, Murphy, Ananjeva, Ryabov, and Ho, 2002, Russ. J. Herpetol., 9: 100, reported the species for Indochina, presumably meaning Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam. Reported for southwestern Cambodia by Ohler, Swan, and Daltry, 2002, Raffles Bull. Zool., 50: 465-481. Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 159, provided a brief characterization and photograph. Stuart, 1999, in Duckworth et al. (eds.), Wildlife in Lao PDR: 50, commented on the range in Laos. Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 104-105, provided a very brief account, map for Thailand, and photograph. Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 46, provided specific localities for Vietnam and (p. 150) a photograph. Stuart, 2005, Herpetol. Rev., 36: 476, provided specific localities for Laos. Yang, 2008, in Yang and Rao (ed.), Amph. Rept. Yunnan: 127, provided a brief account for Yunnan, China. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 910-916, provided an account, spot map for China, and assigned this species to their Microhyla ornata group. Christy, Clark, Gee, Vice, Vice, Warner, Tyrrell, Rodda, and Savidge, 2007, Pacific Sci., 61: 469-483, reported specimens from Guam but could not determine whether the species was established. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 488, provided a brief account for China including photographs of specimens. Shi, 2011, Amph. Rept. Fauna Hainan: 50-53, provided an account for Hainan. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 574-575, provided an account, photographs, and a range map. Zug, 2013, Rept. Amph. Pacific Is.: 72–73, provided a brief discussion of the introduced Guam population. See account, photograph, and map for Vietnam in Vassilieva, Galoyan, Poyarkov, and Geissler, 2016, Photograph. Field Guide Amph. Rept. Lowland S. Vietnam: 83–84. Pham, An, Herbst, Bonkowski, Ziegler, and Nguyen, 2017, Bonn Zool. Bull., 66: 37–53, provided records for Cao Bang Province, Vietnam, along with observatons on morphology and natural history.  

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