Microhyla ornata (Duméril and Bibron, 1841)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Microhylidae > Subfamily: Microhylinae > Genus: Microhyla > Species: Microhyla ornata

Engystoma ornatum Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 745. Holotype: MNHNP 5035, according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 62. Type locality: "côte Malabar", India. Biju, 2001, Occas. Publ. Indian Soc. Conserv. Biol., 1: 8, noted the imprecision of this type locality.

Siphneus ornatumFitzinger, 1843, Syst. Rept.: 33.

Engystoma malabaricum Jerdon, 1853, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 22: 534. Types: Not stated, presumably originally in ZSIC; reported as lost by Jerdon, 1870, Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 1870: 67. Type locality: "Malabar", India. Biju, 2001, Occas. Publ. Indian Soc. Conserv. Biol., 1: 8, noted the imprecision of this type locality. Tentative synonymy by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 165.

Engystoma carnaticum Jerdon, 1853, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 22: 534. Types: Not stated, presumably originally in ZSIC; reported as lost by Jerdon, 1870, Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 1870: 67. Type locality: "the Carnatic", South India. Synonymy by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 165; Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 524.

Diplopelma ornatumGünther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 50.

Diplopelma carnaticumStoliczka, 1870, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 39: 154; Anderson, 1879 "1878", Anat. Zool. Res.: 841.

Microhyla (Engystoma) carnaticaMason, 1882, Burma, Ed. 3: 292.

Microhyla ornataBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 165.

Microhyla (Diplopelma) ornataBourret, 1927, Fauna Indochine, Vert., 3: 263; Dubois, 1987, Alytes, 6: 4.

English Names

Ant Frog (Khan, 1979, Biologia, Lahore, 25: 40; Khan, 2002, Bull. Chicago Herpetol. Soc., 37: 159).

Ornate Narrow-mouthed Frog (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 98; Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 64; Lue, Tu, and Hsiang, 1999, Atlas Taiwan Amph. Rept.: 60; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 55).

Ornate Narrowmouth Frog (Schleich, Anders, and Kästle, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 79).

Ornate Rice Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 90).

Ornate Ricefrog (Lue, Tu, and Hsiang, 1999, Atlas Taiwan Amph. Rept.: 60).

Black-throated Frog (Anders, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 188).

Ornamented Pigmy Frog (Ahmed, Das, and Dutta, 2009, Amph. Rept. NE India: 33).

Distribution

Sri Lanka and southern India in isolated populations in the Western Ghats region northeast to central Andhra Pradesh. 

Comment

See accounts in Kirtisinghe, 1957, Amph. Ceylon: 88-90; and Dutta and Manamendra-Arachchi, 1996, Amph. Fauna Sri Lanka: 31. Matsui, Ito, Shimada, Ota, Saidapur, Khonsue, Tanaka-Ueno, and Wu, 2005, Zool. Sci., Tokyo, 22: 489-495, on the basis of mtDNA sequence analysis suggested that Microhyla ornata is the sister taxon of Microhyla rubra, and not close to other species formerly considered to be closely related or synonymous (ie., Microhyla okivanensis and Microhyla fissipes) with Microhyla ornata. See comment under Microhyla fissipesde Silva, 2009, Amph. Rep. Sri Lanka Photograph. Guide: 79, provided a brief account and color photograph. Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 41-42, provided a brief account for the Indian population (now Microhyla ornata, Microhyla nilphamariensis, and Microhyla mumensingensis) and Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 60-61, provided literature access (to Microhyla ornata, in the sense of including Microhyla ornata, Microhyla nilphamariensis, and Microhyla mumensingensis). Ray, 1999, Mem. Zool. Surv. India, 18: 78-82, provided an account for India.  Masroor, 2012, Contr. Herpetol. N. Pakistan: 50–52, provided an account for northern Pakistan. Hasan, Islam, Kuramoto, Kurabayashi, and Sumida, 2014, Zootaxa, 3755: 408, implied that beyond Microhyla ornata (likely misidentified), at least one more cryptic species remains to be named from Bangladesh (likely Microhyla mymensingensis and Microhyla nilphamariensis). Khan, 2006, Amph. Rept. Pakistan: 54-55, provided a brief account for Pakistan (although this likely applies to an unnamed species in the Microhyla ornata complex). Hasan, Islam, Khan, Alam, Kurabayashi, Igawa, Kuramoto, and Sumida, 2012, Zool. Sci., Tokyo, 29: 162-172, suggested on the basis of molecular evidence that populations from near Chittagong, Bangladesh, are referrable to Microhyla fissipes and that samples from Mymensingh and Sylhet, Bangladesh, represents an unnamed species (subsequently named as Microhyla mukhlesuri and Microhyla mymensinghensis). See comment under Microhyla fissipes for discussion of Chinese populations referred to Microhyla ornata. Sivaprasad, 2013, Common Amph. Kerala: 88–89, provided a brief account, photograph, and dot map for Kerala, India (possibly either Microhyla ornata or Microhyla nilphamariensis). Subba, Aravind, and Ravikanth, 2016, Check List, 13(1: 2033): 12, considered the presence of this species in Sikkim, India, to be doubtful, although possibly applicable to Microhyla nilphamariensisGarg, Das, Kamei, and Biju, 2018, MtDNA, Part B, 3: 856–861, addressed the Microhyla ornata complex via DNA barcodes, and provided generalized range maps. Shen, 2014, Fauna Hunan, Amph.: 338–342, provided an account for Hunan, China. Li, 2011, Amph. Rept. Guangdong: 74, provided a brief account for Guangdong, China, and photograph.       

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