Melanobatrachus indicus Beddome, 1878

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Microhylidae > Subfamily: Melanobatrachinae > Genus: Melanobatrachus > Species: Melanobatrachus indicus

Melanobatrachus indicus Beddome, 1878, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1878: 722. Syntypes: Including ZSIC 10969 (according to evidence provided by Chanda, Das, and Dubois, 2001 "2000", Hamadryad, 25: 104, although not so considered by Sclater, 1892, List Batr. Indian Mus.: 22), and BMNH according to Parker, 1934, Monogr. Frogs Fam. Microhylidae: 198. Type locality: "Anamallays and the Ghats range to the south of those mountains, . . . in moist evergreen forests of 4000 feet elevation", India.

English Names

Kerala Hills Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 90).

Black Microhylid (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 98).

Malabar Black Narrow-mouthed Frog (Ishwar, 2000, Hamadryad, 25: 50; Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 64).

Black Narrow-mouthed Frog (Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 121).

Orange Black Tubercled Indian Microhylid (Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 50).


Elevations of 1000 to 1500 m in wet evergreen forest of the Western Ghats, south of 13° N latitude, Kerala and Tamil Nadu, southern India.


For discussion and new records see Daltry and Martin, 1997, Hamadryad, 22: 57-58, and Ishwar, 2000, Hamadryad, 25: 50-51. Biju, 2001, Occas. Publ. Indian Soc. Conserv. Biol., 1: 9, discussed the range. Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 58, and Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 36, provided brief accounts. Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 121-122, provided an account. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 453. A very brief characterization and dot map provided by Subramanian, Dinesh, and Radhakrishnan, 2013, Atlas of Endemic Amph. W. Ghats: 69. Sivaprasad, 2013, Common Amph. Kerala: 86–87, provided a brief account, photograph, and dot map for Kerala, India. 

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