Kalophrynus interlineatus (Blyth, 1855)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Microhylidae > Subfamily: Kalophryninae > Genus: Kalophrynus > Species: Kalophrynus interlineatus

Engystoma (?) interlineatum Blyth, 1855 "1854", J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 23: 732. Holotype: ZSIC 9853 according to Sclater, 1892, List Batr. Indian Mus.: 22, and Chanda, Das, and Dubois, 2001 "2000", Hamadryad, 25: 104, who discussed the location and identification of the type. Ohler and Grosjean, 2005, Herpetozoa, Wien, 18: 99-106, discussed the holotype.  Zug, 2015, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 62: 164, explained why he rejected the status of the ZSI specimen as Holotype and suggested that two specimens at the BMNH were the syntypes, of which he designated BMNH 1974.2.31.27 as lectotype. Type locality: "Pegu" (= Bago), Myanmar; part of a collection from "Mergui, and the valley of the Tenasserim river" according to Blyth, 1856 "1855", J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 24: 720.  

Diplopelma interlineatumAnderson, 1871, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1871: 202.

Berdmorea interlineataStoliczka, 1872, Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 1872: 146.

Calophrynus interlineataTheobald, 1882, in Mason (ed.), Burma, Ed. 2: 291.

Kalophrynus pleurostigma interlineatusParker, 1934, Monogr. Frogs Fam. Microhylidae: 97.

Kalophrynus interlineatusMatsui, Chan-ard, and Nabhitabhata, 1996, Copeia, 1996: 440-445.

English Names

Piebald Narrowmouthed Frog (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 304).

Striped Sticky Frog (Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 96; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 50; Zug, 2015, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 62: 161).

Bubble-nest Frog (Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 39).

Blyth's Microhylid Frog (Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 62).

Distribution

Northern-most Peninsular Myanmar, eastward through northern Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam, southward through Peninsular Malaysia and also in southern China from southeastern Yunnan to Hong Kong and adjacent Guangdong. 

Comment

Chinese population discussed by Pope, 1931, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 61: 586; and Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 286-287. Matsui, Chan-ard, and Nabhitabhata, 1996, Copeia, 1996: 440-445, removed Kalophrynus interlineatus from the synonymy of Kalophrynus pleurostigma, where it had been placed by Parker, 1934, Monogr. Frogs Fam. Microhylidae: 97. See accounts (as Kalophrynus pleurostigma interlineatus) by Yang, 1991, Amph. Fauna of Yunnan: 229-230; Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China: 335; and Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 304-305. Karsen, Lau, and Bogadek, 1986, Hong Kong Amph. Rept.: 33, provided a brief account (as Kalophrynus pleurostigma interlineatus). Zhang and Wen, 2000, Amph. Guangxi: 139, provided an account (as Kalophrynus pleurostigma interlineatus) for Guangxi. Orlov, Murphy, Ananjeva, Ryabov, and Ho, 2002, Russ. J. Herpetol., 9: 98, provided the statement of range for Vietnam. Reported for southwestern Cambodia by Ohler, Swan, and Daltry, 2002, Raffles Bull. Zool., 50: 465-481. Stuart, 1999, in Duckworth et al. (eds.), Wildlife in Lao PDR: 49, reported Kalophrynus pleurostigma (assumed here to be Kalophrynus interlineatus) for Laos. Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 96-97, provided a very brief account, map for Thailand, and photograph. Teynié, David, Ohler, and Luanglath, 2004, Hamadryad, 29: 35, commented on its distribution in Laos. Stuart, Sok, and Neang, 2006, Raffles Bull. Zool., 54: 137, provided a record and remarks regarding the species in Cambodia. Ohler and Grosjean, 2005, Herpetozoa, Wien, 18: 99-106, restricted use of the name Kalophrynus interlineatus to India to Laos, with cautious application to Vietnam and southern China. Stuart, 2005, Herpetol. Rev., 36: 475, provided a record for Khammouan Province, Laos. Stuart and Emmett, 2006, Fieldiana, Zool., N.S., 109: 6, provided a record for the Cadamom Mountains, southwestern Cambodia. Yang, 2008, in Yang and Rao (ed.), Amph. Rept. Yunnan: 120-121, provided a brief account (as Kalophrynus pleurostigma interlineatus) for Yunnan, China. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 953-957, provided an account and spot map for China. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 498-499, provided a brief account for China including photographs of specimens and habitat. Shi, 2011, Amph. Rept. Fauna Hainan: 47-48, provided an account for Hainan. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 586-587, provided an account, photographs, and a range map for China. See account, photograph, and map for Vietnam in Vassilieva, Galoyan, Poyarkov, and Geissler, 2016, Photograph. Field Guide Amph. Rept. Lowland S. Vietnam: 67–69. See account by Zug, 2015, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 62: 161–164. 

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