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Micrixalus kottigeharensis (Rao, 1937)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Micrixalidae > Genus: Micrixalus > Species: Micrixalus kottigeharensis

Philautus kottigeharensis Rao, 1937, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., Ser. B, 6: 408. Holotype: CCB; now lost according to Dubois, 1984, Alytes, 3: 157. Type locality: "Kottigehar, Kadur", Karnataka, India.

Philautus swamianus Rao, 1937, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., Ser. B, 6: 409. Holotype: CCB; now lost according to Dubois, 1984, Alytes, 3: 157. Type locality: "Kottigehar, Kadur", Karnataka, India. Synonymy by Biju, Garg, Gururaja, Shouche, and Walujkar, 2014, Ceylon J. Sci., Biol. Sci., 43: 85. 

Philautus narainensis Rao, 1937, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., Ser. B, 6: 413. Holotype: CCB; now lost according to Dubois, 1984, Alytes, 3: 157. Type locality: "Kottigehar, Kadur", Karnataka, India. Synonymy by Biju, Garg, Gururaja, Shouche, and Walujkar, 2014, Ceylon J. Sci., Biol. Sci., 43: 85. 

Micrixalus kottigeharensis — Bossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 49.

Micrixalus swamianus — Bossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 49.

Micrixalus narainensis — Bossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 50.

English Names

Kottigehar Bubble-nest Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 112).

Kottigehar Bush Frog (Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 66).

Kottigehar Torrent Frog (Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 46).

Kottigehar Dancing Frog (Biju, Garg, Gururaja, Shouche, and Walujkar, 2014, Ceylon J. Sci., Biol. Sci., 43: 49). 

Naraina's Bush Frog (Micralus narainensis [no longer recognized]: Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 66).

Narain's Bush Frog (Micralus narainensis [no longer recognized]: Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 163).

Narain's Torrent Frog (Micralus narainensis [no longer recognized]: Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 47).

Swami Bubble-nest Frog (Micrixalus swamianus [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 112).

Ramaswami's Bush Frog (Micrixalus swamianus [no longer recognized]: Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 67).

Rao's Bush Frog (Micrixalus swamianus [no longer recognized]: Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 168).

Ramaswami's Torrent Frog (Micrixalus swamianus [no longer recognized]: Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 49).

Distribution

Western Ghats in the state of Karnataka, but restricted to the north of the Palghat Gap and south of the Goa Gap; specifically reported from Kemmanagundi, Kottigehara and Muthodi (Chikmagalur District), Charmadi Ghats (Dakshina Kannada District), Sakleshpur (Hassan District), Kathlekan, Unchalli Falls and Waddighat (Uttara Kannada District)

Comment

Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 158, 163, and 168, provided brief accounts (as, respectively Philautus kottigeharensis, Philautus naraiensis, and Philautus swamianus). See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 485. Very brief characterizations, photographs, and dot maps provided by Subramanian, Dinesh, and Radhakrishnan, 2013, Atlas of Endemic Amph. W. Ghats: 61, 62, and 67, as, respectively Micrixalus kottigeharensis, Micrixalus narainensis, and Micrixalus swamianus). In the Micrixalus saxicola group of Biju, Garg, Gururaja, Shouche, and Walujkar, 2014, Ceylon J. Sci., Biol. Sci., 43: 1-87, who revised the species and redelimited its range. 

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