Scutiger boulengeri (Bedriaga, 1898)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Megophryidae > Genus: Scutiger > Species: Scutiger boulengeri

Leptobrachium boulengeri Bedriaga, 1898, Wissenschaft. Result. Przewalski Cent. Asien Reisen, 3(1): 63. Syntypes: ZISP 1609 (2 specimens); ZISP 1609a considered holotype by Liu, 1950, Fieldiana, Zool. Mem., 2: 184; now lost according to L.J. Borkin IN Frost, 1985, Amph. Species World: 417. CIB 790329 designated neotype by Fei and Yei In Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 178. Type locality: "Dy-tschju, Jan-tse-kiang" [= Dychu River, Upper Yangtze Kiang, Sichuan, China]. Neotype from "Chindu, Qinghai, alt. 3850 m", China.

Megalophrys boulengeriBoulenger, 1908, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1908: 425.

Cophophryne alticola Procter, 1922, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 9, 9: 583. Holotype: BMNH 1947.2.22.73 (formerly 1922.3.3.1), according to Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 178. Type locality: "Kharta Valley, Tibet; altitude 16,500 feet", China. Synonymy by Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 17. This synonymy not accepted, without comment by Zhao and Adler, 1993, Herpetol. China: 123.

Scutiger alticolusNoble, 1926, Am. Mus. Novit., 212: 5.

Megophrys boulengeriGee and Boring, 1929, Peking Nat. Hist. Bull., 4: 20; Pope and Boring, 1940, Peking Nat. Hist. Bull., 15: 30; Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 55.

Scutiger alticolaBourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 189. Myers and Leviton, 1962, Copeia, 1962: 290.

Aelurophryne tainingensis Liu, 1950, Fieldiana, Zool. Mem., 2: 132. Holotype: FMNH 49395, by original designation. Type locality: "Taining [= Qianning], 11,500 feet altitude, Sikang [now part of Sichuan], China". Synonymy by Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 17.

Scutiger tainingensisMyers and Leviton, 1962, Copeia, 1962: 290.

Scutiger (Scutiger) boulengeriDubois, 1980, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 49: 478; Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 15; Fei, Ye, and Li, 1989, Acta Zool. Sinica, 35: 387; Ye and Fei, 1993, Acta Zool. Sinica, 39: 444; Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 80; Delorme, Dubois, Grosjean, and Ohler, 2006, Alytes, 24: 13.

Scutiger boulengeriTian and Feng, 1982, Acta Herpetol. Sinica, Chengdu, N.S.,, 1 (1): 25.

Scutiger alticolaShrestha, 2001, Herpetol. Nepal: 76. Unexplained usage.

English Names

Boulenger's Lazy Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 86; Li, Zhao, and Dong, 2010, Amph. Rept. Tibet: 15).

Xizang Alpine Toad (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 80).

Himalayan Stream Frog (Halliday and Adler, 2002, New Encyclop. Rept. Amph.: 82).

Xizang Alpine Toad (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 80).

Boulenger's High Altitude Toad (Schleich, Anders, and Kästle, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 78).

Distribution

High elevation north-central Nepal, east through Sikkim, India, and southern Xizang to Sichuan, eastern Qinghai, and southern Gansu, China, 3300–5270 m elevation.

Comment

In the Scutiger sikimmensis group, according to Dubois, 1978, Senckenb. Biol., 59: 169. Liu, 1950, Fieldiana, Zool. Mem., 2: 181-185, discussed this species (as Megophrys boulengeri) (including Megalophrys weigoldi Vogt, 1924, in synonymy). Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 16-19, provided an account. See accounts by Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China 134, and Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 80-81. Fei and Ye, 2001, Color Handbook Amph. Sichuan: 124-125, also provided a brief account and illustration. See also brief account by Zhao and Yang, 1997, Amph. Rept. Hengduan Mountains Region: 59-61. Anders, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 172-175, provided an extensive account for Nepalese population. See brief account (as Scutiger alticola) by Shrestha, 2001, Herpetol. Nepal: 76. In the Scutiger (Scutiger) boulengeri group of Fei, Ye, Huang, Jiang, and Xie, 2005, in Fei et al. (eds.), Illust. Key Chinese Amph.: 64. Li, Lu, Li, Zhao, Hou, and Zhang, 2005, Sichuan J. Zool., 24: 247, provided additional localities in Xizang. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 178-185, provided an account, spot-map, and illustration. Chen, Bi, and Fu, 2009, Mol. Ecol., 18: 2856-2876, suggested that recognition of Scutiger glandulatus may render Scutiger boulengeri evidentially paraphyletic due to incomplate lineage sorting. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 144-145, provided a brief account including photographs of specimens and habitat. Li, Zhao, and Dong, 2010, Amph. Rept. Tibet: 15-17, provided an account for Xizang, China. See Shah and Tiwari, 2004, Herpetofauna Nepal: 43, for brief account for Nepal. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 170–171, provided an account, photographs, and a range map. Subba, Ravikanth, and Aravind, 2015, J. Threatened Taxa, 7: 7655–7663, provided a record for Sikkim, India, at 5270 m elevation, and discussed the range and distinctiveness from Scutiger sikkimensis. See comments by Seimon and Seimon, 2015, J. Threatened Taxa, 7: 7849–50, and Subba, Ravikanth, and Aravind, 2015, J. Threatened Taxa, 7: 7851–52. Subba, Ravikanth, and Aravind, 2016, Herpetol. Rev., 47: 251, provided a second record (although stated to be the first) for Sikkim, India. Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 574–576, provided an account, photograph, and spot map.  

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