Megophrys robusta Boulenger, 1908

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Megophryidae > Genus: Megophrys > Species: Megophrys robusta

Megalophrys robusta Boulenger, 1908, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1908: 418. Syntypes: ZSIC (4 specimens) and BMNH (1 specimen), by original designation. Type locality: "Darjeeling", West Bengal, India.

Megophrys (Megophrys) robustaDubois, 1980, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 49: 472.

Panophrys robustaRao and Yang, 1997, Asiat. Herpetol. Res., 7: 98-99. Tentative combination.

Megophrys (Xenophrys) robustaDubois and Ohler, 1998, Dumerilia, 4: 14.

Xenophrys robustaOhler, 2003, Alytes, 21: 23, by implication; Delorme, Dubois, Grosjean, and Ohler, 2006, Alytes, 24: 17; Chen, Zhou, Poyarkov, Stuart, Brown, Lathrop, Wang, Yuan, Jiang, Hou, Chen, Suwannapoom, Nguyen, Duong, Papenfuss, Murphy, Zhang, and Che, 2016, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 106: 41.

Megophrys (Xenophrys) robusta — Mahony, Foley, Biju, and Teeling, 2017, Mol. Biol. Evol., 34: 756. 

English Names

Bengal Spadefoot Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 86).

Robust Spadefoot Toad (Schleich, Anders, and Kästle, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 78; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 44).

Robust Pelobatid Toad (Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 63).

White-lipped Horned Toad (Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 58).


Extreme eastern Nepal, and Darjeeling area of West Bengal as well as in Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, and Nagaland, India.


Brief account provided by Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 12. Rai and Anders, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 167-171, provided an extensive account for Nepalese population. Bordoloi and Borah, 2001, Cotton College Res. J., India, 1: 191-193, provided the record for Arunachal Pradesh, India. Sarkar, Biswas, and Ray, 1992, State Fauna Ser., 3: 75, provided a brief account for West Bengal, India. Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 58-59, provided a brief characterization and photographs. See Shah and Tiwari, 2004, Herpetofauna Nepal: 42, for brief account for Nepal.

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.