Megophrys pachyproctus Huang, 1981

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Megophryidae > Genus: Megophrys > Species: Megophrys pachyproctus

Megophrys pachyproctus Huang In Huang and Fei, 1981, Acta Zootaxon. Sinica, 6: 211, 215. Holotype: NWIPB 770650, by original designation. Type locality: "Gelin of Medo Xian, Xizang [=Tibet], altitude 1,530 m", China. Given as "Gelin, Motuo [= Medog] County, Tibet at an elevation of 1530 m" by Huang, Lathrop, and Murphy, 1998, Smithson. Herpetol. Inform. Serv., 118: 3.

Megophrys pachyprocta —  Matsui, 1985, In Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 416. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Megophrys (Megophrys) pachyproctusDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 23.

Megophrys (Xenophrys) pachyproctusDubois and Ohler, 1998, Dumerilia, 4: 14.

Panophrys pachyproctusFrost, 2002, Amph. Spec. World, vers. 2.21. Placed in Panophrys by reason of implication of being stated to be closely related to Megophrys minor in the original publication.

Xenophrys pachyproctusOhler, 2003, Alytes, 21: 23, by implication; Delorme, Dubois, Grosjean, and Ohler, 2006, Alytes, 24: 17; Chen, Zhou, Poyarkov, Stuart, Brown, Lathrop, Wang, Yuan, Jiang, Hou, Chen, Suwannapoom, Nguyen, Duong, Papenfuss, Murphy, Zhang, and Che, 2016, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 106: 41.

Xenophrys (Xenophrys) pachyproctus — Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 691. 

Megophrys (Xenophrys) pachyproctus —  Mahony, Foley, Biju, and Teeling, 2017, Mol. Biol. Evol., 34: 756. 

English Names

Gelin Spadefoot Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 86: Li, Zhao, and Dong, 2010, Amph. Rept. Tibet: 25).

Convex-vented Horned Toad (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 120).

Huang's Spadefoot Toad (Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 15; Li, Zhao, and Dong, 2010, Amph. Rept. Tibet: 25).


Known only from the type locality in southwestern Xizang (Medog County), China, and (questionably) in northwestern Vietnam.


Similar to Megophrys minor, according to the original publication. The original description, in Chinese, was translated by Huang, Lathrop, and Murphy, 1998, Smithson. Herpetol. Inform. Serv., 118. Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 120-121, provided a brief account, figure, and map. Orlov, Murphy, Ananjeva, Ryabov, and Ho, 2002, Russ. J. Herpetol., 9: 83, provided the Vietnam component of the range statement. Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 15, noted the range in Vietnam to be Lao Cai and Ha Tinh provinces. In the Megophrys parva group of Fei, Ye, Huang, Jiang, and Xie, 2005, in Fei et al. (eds.), Illust. Key Chinese Amph.: 82. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 457-461, provided an account for China, illustration of the holotype, and spot map. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 201, provided a brief account including photographs. Li, Zhao, and Dong, 2010, Amph. Rept. Tibet: 25-26, provided an account for Xizang, China. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 229, provided an account, photographs, and a range map for China. Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 691–693, provided an account, photogrphs, and dot map, as Xenophrys pachyproctus. 

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