Megophrys glandulosa Fei, Ye, and Huang, 1990

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Megophryidae > Genus: Megophrys > Species: Megophrys glandulosa

Megophrys glandulosa Fei, Ye, and Huang, 1990, Key to Chinese Amph.: 99, 273. Holotype: CIB 873112, by original designation. Type locality: Wuliang Shan, Jingdong, Yunnan Province, 2100 m, China.

Megophrys (Xenophrys) glandulosaDubois and Ohler, 1998, Dumerilia, 4: 14; Mahony, Foley, Biju, and Teeling, 2017, Mol. Biol. Evol., 34: 755. 

Xenophrys glandulosaOhler, 2003, Alytes, 21: 23, by implication; Delorme, Dubois, Grosjean, and Ohler, 2006, Alytes, 24: 17; Chen, Zhou, Poyarkov, Stuart, Brown, Lathrop, Wang, Yuan, Jiang, Hou, Chen, Suwannapoom, Nguyen, Duong, Papenfuss, Murphy, Zhang, and Che, 2016, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 106: 41.

Liuophrys glandulosa — Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1 : 617.

English Names

Jingdong Spadefoot Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 86).

Glandular Horned Toad (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 108; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 42; Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 54).


Elevations of 1900–2100 m in western Yunnan, southwestern China; reported in Nagaland, northeastern India, eastern Bhutan, and in northern Kachin state, Myanmar.


Redescribed by Fei, Ye, and Huang, 1992, Zool. Res., Kunming, 13: 5. Original description translated into English by Huang, Lathrop, and Murphy, 1998, Smithson. Herpetol. Inform. Serv., 118. Considered conspecific with Megophrys lateralis by Yang, Liu, Rao, and He, 1994, Zool. Res., Kunming, 15: 124-130. Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 108-109, provided a brief account, map, and figure. Fei and Ye, 2000, Cultum Herpetol. Sinica, 8: 59-63, discussed the distinctiveness of this taxon. Jiang, Yuan, Xie, and Zheng, 2003, Zool. Res., Kunming, 24: 241-248, suggested that this species might warrant a new generic name to prevent Brachytarsophrys and Atympanophrys from rendering Megophrys paraphyletic. Ao, Bordoloi, and Ohler, 2003, Zoos' Print J., 18: 1117-1125, provided a specific locality for Nagaland, northeastern India. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 363-370, provided an account, illustration of the holotype, and spot map for China. Wogan, Vindum, Wilkinson, Koo, Slowinski, Win, Thin, Kyi, Oo, Lwin, and Shein, 2008, Hamadryad, 33: 84, provided the first record for Kachin state, Myanmar. Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 54-55, provided a brief characterization and photograph. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 189, provided a brief account including photographs. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 222, provided an account, photographs, and a range map for China. Wangyal, 2013, J. Threatened Taxa, 5: 4777, provided a record from Trashiyangtse District, eastern Bhutan. Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1 : 617–619, provided an account, photograph, and dot map for China, as Liuophrys glandulosa.

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