Megophrys carinense (Boulenger, 1889)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Megophryidae > Genus: Megophrys > Species: Megophrys carinense

Leptobrachium carinense Boulenger, 1889, Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova, Ser. 2, 7: 748. Syntypes: BMNH and NHMW 2291.1-2 (according to Häupl and Tiedemann, 1978, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 2: 23), and MSNG; MSNG 29689 designated lectotype by Capocaccia, 1957, Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova, Ser. 3, 69: 211. See brief discussion by Hallermann, 2006, Mitt. Hamburg. Zool. Mus. Inst., 103: 138. Type locality: "Western slope of Karens Mountains, East of Toungoo, at an altitude of 800 metres and upwards", Myanmar.

Megalophrys carinensisBoulenger, 1903, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 7, 12: 186 [based on specimens of Megophrys feae according to Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 218, and Boulenger, 1908, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1908: 427.

Megophrys carinensisPope and Boring, 1940, Peking Nat. Hist. Bull., 15: 30. Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 218; Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 51.

Megophrys (Megophrys) carinensisDubois, 1980, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 49: 472.

Brachytarsophrys carinensisTian and Hu, 1983, Acta Herpetol. Sinica, Chengdu, N.S.,, 2 (2): 43. Zhao and Adler, 1993, Herpetol. China: 116; Rao and Yang, 1997, Asiat. Herpetol. Res., 7: 98; .

Megophrys (Brachytarsophrys) carinensisDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 23.

Brachytarsophrys platyparietus Rao and Yang, 1997, Asiat. Herpetol. Res., 7: 106. Holotype: KIZ 90275, by original designation. Type locality: "Duo-Di-He, San-Tai, Da-Yao, Yunnan, China, altitude 2100 meters. " Synonymy by Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 331.

Brachytarsophrys carinenseDelorme, Dubois, Grosjean, and Ohler, 2006, Alytes, 24: 17. Treatment of the species name, correctly, as a noun in apposition.

Megophrys (Brachytarsophrys) carinense — Mahony, Foley, Biju, and Teeling, 2017, Mol. Biol. Evol., 34: 754. 

English Names

Karin Hills Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 85).

Broad-headed Short-legged Toad (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 102).

Red Spine-eyed Frog (Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 82).

Red Horn Frog (Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 82).

Burmese Horned Frog (Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 80).


Southern Myanmar and adjacent northern Thailand; central Yunnan to southern Sichuan, southern Guizhou, northern and eastern Guangxi, southern Hunan, and western Jiangxi, montane China, 900 to 2450 m elevation.


See accounts by Liu, 1950, Fieldiana, Zool. Mem., 2: 196-197; Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 216-217; Taylor, 1962, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 43: 292-295; Yang, 1991, Amph. Fauna of Yunnan: 48-50; Inger, Orlov, and Darevsky, 1999, Fieldiana, Zool., N.S., 92: 3; and Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 102-103 (who mapped an extensive distribution in southern China). Distribution detailed by Rao and Yang, 1997, Asiat. Herpetol. Res., 7: 103-107. Fei and Ye, 2001, Color Handbook Amph. Sichuan: 140, provided a brief account and illustration. Zhang and Wen, 2000, Amph. Guangxi: 41, provided an account for Guangxi. See also brief account by Zhao and Yang, 1997, Amph. Rept. Hengduan Mountains Region: 42-43. Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 82, provided a brief characterization and photograph. Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 80-81, provided a very brief account, map for Thailand, and photograph. Fei, Ye, Huang, Jiang, and Xie, 2005, in Fei et al. (eds.), Illust. Key Chinese Amph.: 75, provided a ke to the Chinese species. Yang, 2008, in Yang and Rao (ed.), Amph. Rept. Yunnan: 25-26, provided a brief account for Yunnan, China. Yang, 2008, in Yang and Rao (ed.), Amph. Rept. Yunnan: 27-28, provided a brief account (as Brachytarsophrys platyparietus) for Yunnan, China. See comment under Brachytarsophrys intermedia. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 330-336, provided an account and spot map for China. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 177, provided a brief account including photographs. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 205, provided an account (as Brachytarsophrys carinensis), photographs, and a range map for China. Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 721–723, provided an account, photographs, and spot map, as Brachytarsophrys carinenseShen, 2014, Fauna Hunan, Amph.: 149–153, provided a detailed account for Hunan. China, as Brachytarsophrys carinensis. Li, 2011, Amph. Rept. Guangdong: 24, provided a brief account for Guangdong, China, and photograph. 

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