Megophrys boettgeri (Boulenger, 1899)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Megophryidae > Genus: Megophrys > Species: Megophrys boettgeri

Leptobrachium boettgeri Boulenger, 1899, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1899: 171. Syntypes: BMNH (5 specimens), MCZ 3790 (on exchange from BMNH according to Barbour and Loveridge, 1929, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 69: 292). Type locality: "Kuatun, a village about 270 miles from Foochow, in the mountains at the North-west of the Province of Fokien [= Fujian], at an altitude of 3000 to 4000 feet or more", China.

Megalophrys boettgeriBoulenger, 1908, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1908: 420.

Megophrys boettgeriGee and Boring, 1929, Peking Nat. Hist. Bull., 4: 20; Pope, 1931, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 61: 438; Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 58.

Megophrys (Megophrys) boettgeriDubois, 1980, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 49: 472.

Panophrys boettgeriRao and Yang, 1997, Asiat. Herpetol. Res., 7: 98-99.

Megophrys (Xenophrys) boettgeriDubois and Ohler, 1998, Dumerilia, 4: 14.

Xenophrys boettgeriOhler, 2003, Alytes, 21: 23, by implication; Delorme, Dubois, Grosjean, and Ohler, 2006, Alytes, 24: 17; Chen, Zhou, Poyarkov, Stuart, Brown, Lathrop, Wang, Yuan, Jiang, Hou, Chen, Suwannapoom, Nguyen, Duong, Papenfuss, Murphy, Zhang, and Che, 2016, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 106: 41. 

Megophrys (Panophrys) boettgeri — Mahony, Foley, Biju, and Teeling, 2017, Mol. Biol. Evol., 34: 755. 

Boulenophrys boettgeri — Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 650. 

English Names

Boettger's Spadefoot Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 86; Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 54).

Boettger's Pelobatid Toad (Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 63, based on some other species).

Pale-shouldered Horned Toad (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 116).


Fujian, Zhejiang, Fujian, Jiangxi, Anhui, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hubei, Hunan, Shanxi, all in eastern China.


See Pope, 1931, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 61: 438-444; Chang, 1947, Trans. Chinese Assoc. Adv. Sci., 9: 89; Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 59; and Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 116-117. Fei and Ye, 2001, Color Handbook Amph. Sichuan: 147, provided a brief account and illustration. Huang, 1990, Fauna Zhejiang, Amph. Rept.: 35-37, provided an account for Zhejiang. Zhang and Wen, 2000, Amph. Guangxi: 49, provided an account for Guangxi. Fan, Guo, and Liu, 1998, Amph. Rept. Shanxi Prov.: 47-49, provided an account for Shanxi. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 416-420, provided an account and spot map for China. Dai, Li, Zheng, Gong, and Liu, 2009, Sichuan J. Zool., 28: 291. provided a record for Hubei, China.Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 184-185, provided a brief account including photographs. Li, Zhao, and Dong, 2010, Amph. Rept. Tibet: 23, provided an account for Xenophrys kempii for Xizang, China, probably based on a population closely related to Xenophrys boettgeri; the problem is that the type of this nominal species is a "Philautus" (in some general sense) and the population in Xizang appears to lack a name (DRF). Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 212–213, provided an account, photographs, and a range map for China.  Zhou, Qiu, Fang, Yang, Zhao, Fang, Zheng, and Liu, 2014, Zool. Res., Kunming, 35: 42–50, reported on call characteristics in China. Mahony, Teeling, and Biju, 2013, Zootaxa, 3722: 39–46, and Subba, Aravind, and Ravikanth, 2016, Check List, 13(1: 2033): 12, considered the presence of this species in Sikkim, India, to be doubtful. Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 650–652, provided an account, photographs, and dot map. as Boulenophrys boettgeriLi, 2011, Amph. Rept. Guangdong: 27, provided a brief account for Guangdong, China, and photograph. 

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