Megophrys aceras Boulenger, 1903

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Megophryidae > Genus: Megophrys > Species: Megophrys aceras

Megalophrys montana var. aceras Boulenger, 1903, in Annandale and Robinson (eds.), Fasciculi Malayenses, 2(1): 131-132. Type(s): Not stated; presumably BMNH or ZRC; clearly including animal figured on pl. 5, fig. 1 of the original publication. Type locality: "Bukit Besar", 2500 feet elevation, Perak, Malay Peninsula, Malaysia.

Megalophrys acerasSmith, 1926, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1926: 983.

Megophrys acerasSmith, 1930, Bull. Raffles Mus., 3: 132.

Megophrys (Megophrys) acerasDubois, 1980, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 49: 472.

Panophrys acerasRao and Yang, 1997, Asiat. Herpetol. Res., 7: 98–99. Tentative arrangement.

Megophrys (Xenophrys) acerasDubois and Ohler, 1998, Dumerilia, 4: 14; Mahony, Foley, Biju, and Teeling, 2017, Mol. Biol. Evol., 34: 755. 

Xenophrys acerasKhonsue and Thirakhupt, 2001, Nat. Hist. J. Chulalongkorn Univ., 1: 75; Ohler, 2003, Alytes, 21: 23; by implication; Delorme, Dubois, Grosjean, and Ohler, 2006, Alytes, 24: 17; Chen, Zhou, Poyarkov, Stuart, Brown, Lathrop, Wang, Yuan, Jiang, Hou, Chen, Suwannapoom, Nguyen, Duong, Papenfuss, Murphy, Zhang, and Che, 2016, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 106: 41

English Names

Perak Spadefoot Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 86).

White Breastgland Spine-eyed Frog Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 86).

Yellow Horn Frog (Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 86).

Malayan Horned Frog (Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 82).


Peninsular Thailand and West Malaysia, below 1500 m elevation.


Accounta provided by Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 192-194, and Taylor, 1962, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 43: 287-290. See also Dring, 1979, Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Zool., 34: 184. See brief account and photo by Manthey and Grossmann, 1997, Amph. Rept. Südostasiens: 79-80. Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 86, provided a brief characterization and photograph. Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 82-83, provided a very brief account, map for Thailand, and photograph. Grismer, Youmans, Wood, Ponce, Wright, Jones, Johnson, Sanders, Gower, Yaakob, and Lim, 2006, Hamadryad, 30: 61-74, noted the species on Langkawi, off the northwest coast of West Malaysia. See comment under Megophrys parallela.  Sumarli, Grismer, Anuar, Muin, and Quah, 2015, Check List, 11(4, Art. 1679): 12, reported specimens from Mount Tebu, Terregganu, West Malaysia, and briefly reported on their morphology and habitat. Specimens fromSumatra, Indonesia, are now referred to the more recently named Megophrys parallela

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