Leptobrachium chapaense (Bourret, 1937)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Megophryidae > Genus: Leptobrachium > Species: Leptobrachium chapaense

Megophrys hasseltii chapaensis Bourret, 1937, Annexe Bull. Gen. Instr. Publique, Hanoi, 1937: 18. Syntypes: MNHNP 38.89-92, 48.117-120 (total of 8 specimens) (according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 11), remaining 7 syntypes presumably in Lab. Sci. Univ. Hanoi, B. 136-138, B. 174-179, Z. 207, Z. 247-251. MHNHP 1948.0118 designated lectotype by Dubois and Ohler, 1998, Dumerilia, 4: 15. Type locality: "Chapa" (= Sa Pa), northern Vietnam.

Leptobrachium hasselti chapaensisInger, 1966, Fieldiana, Zool., 52: 32.

Leptobrachium (Leptobrachium) chapaenseDubois, 1980, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 49: 476. Dubois and Ohler, 1998, Dumerilia, 4: 23; Delorme, Dubois, Grosjean, and Ohler, 2006, Alytes, 24: 12.

Leptobrachium (Vibrissaphora) chapaenseMatsui, Hamidy, Murphy, Khonsue, Yambun Imbun, Shimada, Ahmad, Belabut, and Jiang, 2010, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 56: 269.

English Names

Chapa Spadefoot Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 85; Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 11).

Chapa Pseudomoustache Toad (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 92).

White-eyed Litter Frog (Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 76).

Distribution

Northern Vietnam (Sa Pa) through Laos to Chiang Mai, Thailand, and eastern Shan state, Myanmar (see comment), and the Hengduanshan Mountains of southern Yunnan (Mengzi, Jinping, and Pingbian counties), China. See comment.

Comment

Redescribed and discussed by Lathrop, Murphy, Orlov, and Ho, 1998, Russ. J. Herpetol., 5: 51-60; see also Dubois and Ohler, 1998, Dumerilia, 4: 20. See also Matsui, Nabhitabhata, and Panha, 1999, Japan. J. Herpetol., 18: 19-29, for discussion. See brief account, map, and figure by Yang, 1991, Amph. Fauna of Yunnan: 68-70; Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 92-93. See also brief account by Zhao and Yang, 1997, Amph. Rept. Hengduan Mountains Region: 48-49. Stuart, 1999, in Duckworth et al. (eds.), Wildlife in Lao PDR, did not report this species for Laos. Bain and Nguyen, 2004, Am. Mus. Novit., 3453: 10-11, provided a record for Ha Giang Province, Vietnam. Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 76-77, provided a very brief account, map for Thailand, and photograph. Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 11-12, provided records for Vietnam. Stuart, 2005, Herpetol. Rev., 36: 473-474, provided records for Laos. Zheng, Li, and Fu, 2008, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 46: 695-707, and Rao and Wilkinson, 2008, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 46: 61-73, suggested that nominal Leptobrachium chapaense is a species complex, some components of which are not each others' nearest relatives. Specifically, they mentioned the population of Leptobrachium "chapaense" from Tam Dao, Vietnam, as the sister taxon of Leptobrachium hainanense, and the populations from Ha Giang (also northern Vietnam) is new. Yang, 2008, in Yang and Rao (ed.), Amph. Rept. Yunnan: 36, provided a brief account for Yunnan, China. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 248-251, provided an account for the Chinese population and spot map. Matsui, Hamidy, Murphy, Khonsue, Yambun Imbun, Shimada, Ahmad, Belabut, and Jiang, 2010, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 56: 259-272, provided molecular evidence that nominal Leptobrachium chapaense is a composed of more than one lineage. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 156, provided a brief account including photographs. Wogan, 2012, Zootaxa, 3415: 33, noted that the allocation of Myanmar specimens is more complicated than previously suggested by Orlov, Murphy, Ananjeva, Ryabov, and Ho, 2002, Russ. J. Herpetol., 9: 82. Wogan, 2012, Zootaxa, 3415: 33, also noted that the records for the Karin region of Myanmar are likely referrable to another, maybe unnamed, species. Chen, Zhang, Zhou, Li, Huang, and Mo, 2013, Zootaxa, 3641: 31-40, regarded Leptobrachium "chapaense" from Tam Dao to correspond to Leptobrachium guangxiense on the basis of molecular evidence.  Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 184–185, provided an account, photograph, and a range map. Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 454–456, provided an account for China, photograph, and range map.  

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