Leptodactylus pentadactylus (Laurenti, 1768)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Leptodactylidae > Subfamily: Leptodactylinae > Genus: Leptodactylus > Species: Leptodactylus pentadactylus

Rana pentadactyla Laurenti, 1768, Spec. Med. Exhib. Synops. Rept.: 32. Type(s): By indication including frog illustrated by Seba, 1734, Locuplet. Rer. Nat. Thesaur. Descript. Icon. Exp. Univ. Phys. Hist., 1: pl. 75, fig. 1, and (Laurenti's "Var. b) specimen(s) in "Museo Illustrissini Comitis Turriani" (current location unknown and presumed lost). Neotype designated as RMNH 29559, by Heyer, 2005, Arq. Zool., São Paulo, 37: 310. Type locality: "Indiis"; corrected to Surinam by Müller, 1927, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 40: 276. Neotype from "Suriname, Marowijne, Lelygebergte, Suralcokamp V".

Rana gigas Spix, 1824, Animal. Nova Spec. Nov. Test. Ran. Brasil.: 25. Types: Not specifically stated but including animal figured on pl. 1 of the original publication; ZSM 89/1921 (now lost) according to Hoogmoed and Gruber, 1983, Spixiana, München, Suppl., 9: 355, and Glaw and Franzen, 2006, Spixiana, München, 29: 175. Type locality: "in locis paludosis fluminis Amazonum", Brazil. Synonymy by Peters, 1872, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1872: 198, 225; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 241; Heyer, 1979, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 301: 26. Preoccupied by Rana gigas Wallbaum, 1784 (= Bufo marinus).

Rana coriacea Spix, 1824, Animal. Nova Spec. Nov. Test. Ran. Brasil.: 29. Holotype: Not specifically designated, but including animal figured on pl. 5, fig. 2 of the original publication; ZSM 2502/0, now lost, according to Hoogmoed and Gruber, 1983, Spixiana, München, Suppl., 9: 355, and Glaw and Franzen, 2006, Spixiana, München, 29: 175. Type locality: "aquis lacustribus fluvii Amazonum" = Amazon River, Brazil. Synonymy by Peters, 1872, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1872: 205, 225; Heyer, 1979, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 301: 26.

Rana pachypus bilineata Mayer, 1835, Analect. Vergl. Anat.: 24. Type(s): Deposition not stated, now presumed lost. Type locality: Not stated. Named as a synonym of Rana gigas Spix, 1824. Not addressed by Heyer, 2005, Arq. Zool., São Paulo, 37: 320: 322.

Doryphoros gigasMayer, 1835, Analect. Vergl. Anat.: 28, plate III, fig. 8.

Gnathophysa gigasCope, 1866, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, Ser. 2, 6: 73.

Cystignathus pentadactylusPeters, 1872, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1872: 198.

Leptodactylus goliath Jiménez de la Espada, 1875, Vert. Viaje Pacif. Verif. 1862–1865: 57. Syntypes: MNCN (3 specimens; MNCN 328 designated lectotype by Heyer and Peters, 1971, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 84: 167. Type localities: "Archidona (Oriente del Ecuador) . . . [and] Chinitambo, Sierra de Guacamayos (Or. Del Ecaudor)"; locality of lectotype given in error as "Quijos, Ecuador" by Heyer and Peters, 1971, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 84: 167, in error according to González-Fernández, García-Díez, and San Segundo, 2009, Spixiana, München, 32: 273, who noted that the lectotype is from "Archidona (Oriente de Ecuador)" . Synonymy by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 242; Heyer and Peters, 1971, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 84: 167; Heyer, 1979, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 301: 26.

Leptodactylus pentadactylusBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 241.

Leptodactylus pentadactylusNieden, 1923, Das Tierreich, 46: 472.

Leptodactylus macroblepharus Miranda-Ribeiro, 1926, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 27: 144. Syntypes: MZUSP 377 (3 specimens), according to XXX. Type locality: "Manáos—Amazonas", Brazil. Synonymy by Heyer, 1974, Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 253: 43.

Leptodactylus pentadactylus pentadactylusMüller, 1927, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 40: 276.

Leptodactylus (Pachypus) pentadactylusLutz, 1930, Mem. Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, 23: 1, 21.

Leptodactylus pentadactylus dengleri Melin, 1941, Göteborgs K. Vetensk. Vitterh. Samh. Handl., Ser. B, 1: 51. Holotype: NHMG 497 designated lectotype by Heyer, 2005, Arq. Zool., São Paulo, 37: 322. Type locality: "Roque, [San Martín,] Peru", noted by Heyer, 2005, Arq. Zool., São Paulo, 37: 322, to be at 06° 24′ S, 76° 48′ W. Synonymy by Heyer, 1979, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 301: 26. See also comment by Taylor, 1952, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 35: 649.

Leptodactylus pentadactylus rubidoides Andersson, 1945, Ark. Zool., 37A(2): 51. Syntypes: NHRM (2 specimens) by original indication; Heyer, 2005, Arq. Zool., São Paulo, 37: 322, considered NHRM 1928 to be holotype. Type locality: "Rio Pastaza", eastern Ecuador. Synonymy by Heyer and Peters, 1971, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 84: 168; Heyer, 1979, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 301: 26.

English Names

South American Bullfrog (Cochran, 1961, Living Amph. World: 77; Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 89; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 82).

Smoky Jungle Frog (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 89).

Slender-fingered Bladder Frog (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 89).

Smoky Jungle Frog (Heyer, 2005, Arq. Zool., São Paulo, 37: 322).

Distribution

Amazon Basin from southern Colombia south to Peru, northern Bolivia, and northern Brazil to Guyana, Surinam and French Guiana. 

Comment

In the Leptodactylus pentadactylus group of Heyer, 1972, Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 231: 1-8, and Heyer, 1979, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 301: 1-43. Rodríguez and Duellman, 1994, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 22: 68, provided a brief account for the Iquitos region of northeastern Peru. Lescure and Marty, 2000, Collect. Patrimoines Nat., Paris, 45: 248-249, provided a photo and brief account for French Guiana. Gorzula and Señaris, 1999 "1998", Scient. Guaianae, 8: 64, commented on range in Venezuela. Barrio-Amorós, 1999 "1998", Acta Biol. Venezuelica, 18: 46, commented on the range in Venezuela and previous misidentifications. Heyer, 2005, Arq. Zool., São Paulo, 37: 269-348, provided an extensive discussion and account. See account for Surinam population by Ouboter and Jairam, 2012, Amph. Suriname: 254-257. Heyer, Heyer, and de Sá, 2011, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 887: 1-48, provided a detailed account. See Cole, Townsend, Reynolds, MacCulloch, and Lathrop, 2013, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 125: 425-426, for brief account and records for Guyana. In the Leptodactylus pentadactylus species group of de Sá, Grant, Camargo, Heyer, Ponssa, and Stanley, 2014, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 9(Spec. Issue 1): 1–123, and who provided a summary of relevant literature on pp. 56–57. Central American records are now assigned to Leptodactylus savagei

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