Physalaemus signifer (Girard, 1853)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Leptodactylidae > Subfamily: Leiuperinae > Genus: Physalaemus > Species: Physalaemus signifer

Rhinoderma signifera Girard, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 6: 424. Type(s): Not stated, presumably originally in USNM or ANSP; lost, according to Cochran, 1955 "1954", Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 206: 353-354. Type locality: "Rio de Janeiro, [Rio de Janeiro,] Brazil".

Phyllobates glandulosus Steindachner, 1867, Reise Österreichischen Fregatte Novara, Zool., Amph.: 53. Holotype: NHMW 16520, according to Häupl and Tiedemann, 1978, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 2: 26, and Häupl, Tiedemann, and Grillitsch, 1994, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 9: 30. Type locality: "Brasilien". Considered to be "Brasil, provàvelmente Serra da Estrela, Inhomirim, Rio de Janeiro", by Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 81. Synonymy with Physalameus olfersi by Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 81. This was disputed and the synonymy transferred to Physalaemus signifer by Cassini, Cruz, and Caramaschi, 2010, Zootaxa, 2491: 15.The citation Fitzinger IN Steindachner, 1863, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Phys. Math. Naturwiss. Kl., 48: 186, provided by Häupl and Tiedemann, 1978, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 2: 26, appears to be in error (DRF).

Paludicola signiferaBoulenger, 1891, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 6, 8: 454.

Paludicola signiferBaumann, 1912, Zool. Jahrb., Jena, Abt. Syst., 33: 162.

Paludicola bresslaui Müller, 1924, Senckenb. Biol., 6: 175. Holotype: ZSM 4/1924 (lost) according to Glaw and Franzen, 2006, Spixiana, München, 29: 174. Type locality: "Therezopolis (in der Serra dos Orgaes), Staat Rio de Janeiro", Brazil. Synonymy by Cochran, 1955 "1954", Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 206: 351; Bokermann, 1962, An. Acad. Brasil. Cienc., 34: 563-568.

Physalaemus bresslauiParker, 1927, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 9, 20: 464.

Physalaemus signiferusCochran, 1955 "1954", Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 206: 351.

Physalaemus signiferFrost, 1985, Amph. Species World: 255. Izecksohn and Carvalho-e-Silva, 2001, Anf. Municipio Rio de Janeiro: 79.

English Names

Girard’s Dwarf Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 83).

Otavio's Robber Frog (Ferreira, Dantas, Mattedi, and Silva-Soares, 2009, Herpetol. Rev., 40: 446).

Distribution

Bahia, Espíritu Santo, Rio de Janeiro, and São Paulo, Brazil.

Comment

In the Physalaemus signifer group of of Nascimento, Caramaschi, and Cruz, 2005, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 63: 308. See account by Bokermann, 1962, An. Acad. Brasil. Cienc., 34: 563-568. Izecksohn and Carvalho-e-Silva, 2001, Anf. Municipio Rio de Janeiro: 79, provided a brief account and photo. Ferreira, Dantas, Mattedi, and Silva-Soares, 2009, Herpetol. Rev., 40: 446-447, provided the record for Espíritu Santo, Brazil, and commented on the range. In the Physalaemus signifer clade of Lourenço, Targueta, Baldo, Nascimento, Garcia, Andrade, Haddad, and Recco-Pimentel, 2015, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 92: 204–216.

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