Hyperolius pusillus (Cope, 1862)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hyperoliidae > Genus: Hyperolius > Species: Hyperolius pusillus

Crumenifera pusilla Cope, 1862, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 14: 343. Type(s): Not designated; ANSP 11323 is holotype according to Malnate, 1971, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 123: 352. Type locality: "Umvoti", KwaZulu-Natal, Rep. South Africa. Given, apparently in error as "Umvoti, W. Africa" by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 127.

Hyperolius heuglini Steindachner, 1864, Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien, 14: 244. Type(s): NHMW 32923 tentatively listed as holotype by Tiedemann and Grillitsch, 2000 "1999", Herpetozoa, Wien, 12: 148. Type locality: Abyssinia [= Ethiopia]. Provisional synonymy with Hyperolius microps by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 127.

Rappia pusillaBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 127; Barbour, 1911, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 54: 133.

Hyperolius pusillusNoble, 1924, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 49: 251, 328; Loveridge, 1936, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 79: 407; Loveridge, 1953, Q. J. Florida Acad. Sci., 16: 147.

Hyperolius translucens Power, 1935, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1935: 339. Syntypes: MMK (2 specimens). Type locality: "Port St. Johns", Pondoland, Rep. South Africa. Synonymy by Loveridge, 1936, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 79: 372; Loveridge, 1938, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 51: 213-214; and  Ohler and Frétey, 2014, J. E. Afr. Nat. Hist., 103: 87. 

Hyperolius milnei Loveridge, 1935, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 79: 18. Holotype: MCZ 20025, by original designation. Type locality: "Witu, Coast Province, Kenya Colony". Synonymy by Loveridge, 1942, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 91: 379, 412.

English Names

Translucent Tree Frog (Hewitt, 1937, Guide Vert. Fauna E. Cape Province, Rept. Amph. Fishes: 111; Passmore and Carruthers, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 19: 7; Passmore and Carruthers, 1979, S. Afr. Frogs: 250).

Transparent Pigmy Sedge Frog (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 73).

Water Lily Frog (Pienaar, 1963, Koedoe, 6: 81; Wager, 1965, Frogs S. Afr.: 204; Broadley, 1973, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 10: 24; Passmore and Carruthers, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 19: 7; Passmore and Carruthers, 1979, S. Afr. Frogs: 250; Lambiris, 1990 "1989", Monogr. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat. Torino, 10: 167; Du Preez and Carruthers, 2009, Compl. Guide Frogs S. Afr.: 262).

Water Lily Reed Frog (Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 178).

Lily Pad Frog (Van Dijk, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 17: 16).

Dwarf Reed Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 68).

Water Lily Reed Frog (Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 176).

Distribution

Open swamp vegetation of southernmost coastal Somalia south along coastal lowlands of Africa to extreme eastern Eastern Cape Province, Rep. South Africa; records also in southern Zimbabwe, and in northern Botswana, suggesting the eventual discovery in the Caprivi area of Namibia; one record in extreme northern Malawi on the Tanzania–Zambia border.

Comment

Poynton and Broadley, 1987, Ann. Natal Mus., 28: 205, noted that Zambian records are referrable to Hyperolius viridis. See brief taxonomic discussion of Poynton, 1964, Ann. Natal Mus., 17: 191–192, and accounts by  Schiøtz, 1999, Treefrogs Afr.: 185–186, Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 176–177, Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 178–179, Alexander, 2004, in Minter et al. (eds.), Atlas Frogs S. Afr. Lesotho and Swaziland: 146–147, Pickersgill, 2007, Frog Search: 346–349 (who implied a cryptic species exists in Malawi), and Du Preez and Carruthers, 2009, Compl. Guide Frogs S. Afr.: 262–263. Mercurio, 2011, Amph. Malawi: 183–185, provided an account for Malawi. Channing, Rödel, and Channing, 2012, Tadpoles of Africa: 220–221, discussed comparative larval morphology. Harper, Measey, Patrick, Menegon, and Vonesh, 2010, Field Guide Amph. E. Arc Mts. Tanzania and Kenya: 198–199, provided a brief account and photograph. 

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