Hyperolius parallelus Günther, 1858

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hyperoliidae > Genus: Hyperolius > Species: Hyperolius parallelus

Hyperolius parallelus Günther, 1858, Arch. Naturgesch., 24: 326. Syntypes: BMNH (3 specimens) according to Günther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 86. Type locality: "Süd-Afrika"; later rendered as "South Africa" and "Angola" by Günther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 86; as as "Cape of Good Hope", Western Cape Province, Rep. South Africa, and "Ambris, Angola" by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 122. Considered a synonym of Hyperolius marmoratus by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 121, and a subspecies of Hyperolius marmoratus by Laurent, 1951, Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 38.

Hyperolius marmoratus var. angolensis Steindachner, 1867, Reise Österreichischen Fregatte Novara, Zool., Amph.: 50. Holotype: NHMW, by original designation. Type locality: "Angola". Synonymy with Hyperolius parallelus by Broadley, 1971, Puku, 6: 122.

Hyperolius angolensis Steindachner, 1867, Reise Österreichischen Fregatte Novara, Zool., Amph.: 50. Syntypes: NHMW 13487.1-2 according to Häupl and Tiedemann, 1978, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 2: 22. Type locality: "Angola". Synonymy by Wieczorek, Drewes, and Channing, 2000, J. Biogeograph., 27: 1235.

Hyperolius toulsonii Bocage, 1868 "1867", Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1867: 845. Holotype: MBL T. 27-275 according to Perret, 1976, Arq. Mus. Bocage, Ser. 2, 6: 27; destroyed in 1978 fire. Type locality: "Loanda" = Luanda, Angola. Synonymy with Hyperolius marmoratus by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 121-122. Recognized by Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 388. Synonymy with Hyperolius parallelus by Perret, 1976, Arq. Mus. Bocage, Ser. 2, 6: 27; with Hyperolius marmoratus insignis by Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 391; Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 88; with Hyperolius marmoratus parallelus by Loveridge, 1953, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 110: 329.

Hyperolius insignis Bocage, 1868 "1867", Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1867: 844. Syntypes: MBL T. 21-164 (2 specimens), 27-167, according to Perret, 1976, Arq. Mus. Bocage, Ser. 2, 6: 28; destroyed in 1978 fire. Type localities: in original publication as "Benguella"; corrected by Perret, 1976, Arq. Mus. Bocage, Ser. 2, 6: 28, to São Salvador do Congo, Angola, and Novo Redondo, Angola. Synonymy with Hyperolius marmoratus parallelus (as Rappia marmorata parallela) by Boettger, 1888, Ber. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 1888: 96; Loveridge, 1953, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 110: 329; with Hyperolius parallelus by Schiøtz, 1971, Vidensk. Medd. Dansk Naturhist. Foren., 134: 21-76. Synonymy with Hyperolius marmoratus by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 121; Perret, 1976, Arq. Mus. Bocage, Ser. 2, 6: 27. Considered a subspecies of Hyperolius marmoratus by Laurent, 1951, Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 39.

Hyperolius huillensis Bocage, 1873, J. Sci. Math. Phys. Nat., Lisboa, 4: 225. Syntypes: MBL 2-166 (4 specimens) according to Perret, 1976, Arq. Mus. Bocage, Ser. 2, 6: 28; destroyed in 1978 fire. Type locality: "Huilla", Angola. Synonymy with Hyperolius marmoratus by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 122. Considered a subspecies of Hyperolius marmoratus by Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 389; Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 88. Placed here strictly on geographic grounds (DRF).

Rappia marmorata var. taeniolata Bocage, 1895, Herpetol. Angola Congo: 164. Types: MBL, presumed destroyed. Type locality: "Duque de Bragança", "Huilla", "Caconda" and "Cahata", Angola. Synonymy (with Hyperolius marmoratus angolensis) by Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 390.

Rappia marmorata var. insignis Bocage, 1895, Herpetol. Angola Congo: 164. Syntypes: MBL, presumed destroyed in 1978; not reported by Perret, 1976, Arq. Mus. Bocage, Ser. 2, 6: 15-34. Type locality: "St. Salvador du Congo", "d'Angola au nord du Quanza", "Novo Redondo", and "Dombe", Angola.

Rappia marmorata var. huillensisBocage, 1895, Herpetol. Angola Congo: 164.

Rappia parallelaTornier, 1896, in Möbius (ed.), Deutsch Ost-Afr., 3: 96.

Hyperolius angolensisAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 391.

Hyperolius huillensisAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 375.

Hyperolius erythromelanus Monard, 1937 "1936", Bull. Soc. Neuchatel. Sci. Nat., 62: 36. Syntypes: LCFM (2 specimens). Type locality: "Sangevé", Angola. Synonymy with Hyperolius marmoratus huillensis by Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 390.

Hyperolius angolensis angolensisLaurent, 1943, Ann. Mus. R. Congo Belge, Tervuren, Zool., 4: 121.

Hyperolius angolensis quarrei Laurent, 1943, Ann. Mus. R. Congo Belge, Tervuren, Zool., 4: 122. Holotype: MRAC 37366, by original designation. Type locality: "Lusuku (Lomami)", Dem. Rep. Congo. Considered a subspecies of Hyperolius marmoratus by Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 389.

Hyperolius marmoratus parallelusLaurent, 1951, Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 38. Laurent, 1983, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 18: 1-93.

Hyperolius marmoratus quarreiLaurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 390.

Hyperolius marmoratus angolensisLaurent, 1954, Publ. Cult. Companhia Diamantes Angola, 23: 136 (17 of preprint). Laurent, 1954, Publ. Cult. Companhia Diamantes Angola, 23: 77; Mertens, 1971, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 529: 7; Broadley, 1971, Puku, 6: 122.

Hyperolius marmoratus huillensisLaurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 88.

Hyperolius angolensisPoynton, 1964, Ann. Natal Mus., 17: 202.

Hyperolius marginatus angolensisLaurent, 1976, Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Cent., Tervuren, Ser. Octavo, Sci. Zool., 213: 91.

Hyperolius marmoratus angolensisPoynton and Broadley, 1987, Ann. Natal Mus., 28: 222.

English Names

Angolan Reed Frog (Hyperolius angolensis [no longer recognized]: Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 148 [for Hyperolius angolensis]; Du Preez and Carruthers, 2009, Compl. Guide Frogs S. Afr.: 256 [for Hyperolius parallelus]).

Distribution

Lower Dem. Rep. Congo, Angola to western Zambia, northern Botswana, and northern Namibia.

Comment

Hess, Channing, and Hendricks, 1996 "1995", Madoqua, Windhoek, 19: 33-36, provided molecular evidence for the distinctiveness of this taxon (as Hyperolius angolensis). Hyperolius angolensis removed from the synonymy of Hyperolius marmoratus by Channing and Griffin, 1993, Madoqua, Windhoek, 18: 101-106, where it had been placed by Laurent, 1954, Publ. Cult. Companhia Diamantes Angola, 23: 77, and Broadley, 1971, Puku, 6: 122. A. Schiøtz (pers. comm.) suggests that Hyperolius angolensis may be found to be conspecific with Hyperolius parallelus. See general discussion of the Hyperolius viridiflavus–parallelus–marginatus group by Schiøtz, 1999, Treefrogs Afr.: 206–228, and specifically of the form he treats as Parallelus, Insignis, and Angolensis). Wieczorek, Drewes, and Channing, 2000, J. Biogeograph., 27: 1235, made the formal synonymy and provided a new concept and range. See account (as Hyperolius angolensis) by Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 148-149. Schiøtz, 2006, Alytes, 24: 48-51, provided a brief discussion of the problems in this complex. See account by Du Preez and Carruthers, 2009, Compl. Guide Frogs S. Afr.: 256-257. Conradie, Branch, Measey, and Tolley, 2012, Zootaxa, 3269: 1-17, recognized Hyperolius angolensis in their phylogenetic tree, but because they did not address Hyperolius paralellus, its nominal senior synonym, it is unclear what their intention was in the use of this name (DRF).

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.