Hyperolius ocellatus Günther, 1858

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hyperoliidae > Genus: Hyperolius > Species: Hyperolius ocellatus

Hyperolius ocellatus Günther, 1858, Arch. Naturgesch., 24: 326. Syntypes: BMNH (2 specimens) according to Günther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 88; BMNH 1947.2.9.22 designated lectotype by implication of being named "holotype" by Perret, 1975, Ann. Fac. Sci. Cameroun, 20: 27. Type locality: "Fernando Po" (= Bioko, Equatorial Guinea) and "Angola"; restricted by lectotype designation to Fernando Po by Perret, 1975, Ann. Fac. Sci. Cameroun, 20: 24.

Rappia ocellataBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 123; Tornier, 1896, in Möbius (ed.), Deutsch Ost-Afr., 3: 140.

Hyperolius ocellatusNoble, 1924, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 49: 252, 327.

Hyperolius hildebrandti Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 334. Holotype: ZMB unnumbered, according to the original publication; ZMB 8378, according to Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 73. Type locality: "Kamerun". Synonymy by Laurent, 1950, Explor. Parc Natl. Albert, Miss. G.F. de Witte (1933–1935), 64: 93; Perret and Mertens, 1957, Bull. Inst. Franç. Afr. Noire, Ser. A, 19: 571; Perret, 1966, Zool. Jahrb., Jena, Abt. Syst., 93: 401. The description in Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 64, appeared a few weeks later according to unpublished notes by A. Loveridge (fide R. Laurent).

Hyperolius purpurescens Laurent, 1943, Ann. Mus. R. Congo Belge, Tervuren, Zool., 4: 91. Holotye: MRAC. 3777, by original designation. Type locality: "entre Uluku et Matenda (dist. Stanleyville [= Kisangani])", Dem. Rep. Congo. Synonymy by Laurent, 1950, Explor. Parc Natl. Albert, Miss. G.F. de Witte (1933–1935), 64: 108; Perret, 1966, Zool. Jahrb., Jena, Abt. Syst., 93: 401; Perret, 1975, Ann. Fac. Sci. Cameroun, 20: 27. Regarded tentatively by Lötters, Gossmann, Obame, and Böhme, 2001, Herpetofauna, Weinstadt, 23: 30, to be a junior synonym of Hyperolius guttatus.

Hyperolius ocellatus ocellatusLaurent, 1950, Explor. Parc Natl. Albert, Miss. G.F. de Witte (1933–1935), 64: 107.

Hyperolius ocellatus hildebrandtiLaurent, 1950, Explor. Parc Natl. Albert, Miss. G.F. de Witte (1933–1935), 64: 107; Laurent, 1951, Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 48; Perret and Mertens, 1957, Bull. Inst. Franç. Afr. Noire, Ser. A, 19: 571. Distinctiveness from Hyperolius ocellatus purpurescens rejected by  Perret, 1975, Ann. Fac. Sci. Cameroun, 20: 23-31.

Hyperolius ocellatus ocellatusPerret, 1975, Rev. Suisse Zool., 82: 190; Perret, 1975, Ann. Fac. Sci. Cameroun, 20: 23-31.

Hyperolius ocellatus purpurescens — Perret, 1975, Rev. Suisse Zool., 82: 190; Perret, 1975, Ann. Fac. Sci. Cameroun, 20: 23-31.

English Names

Ocellated Reed Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 67).

Golden-eyed Reed Frog (Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 168; Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 172).

Distribution

Forests of southeastern Nigeria to Dem. Rep. Congo, Cabinda (Angola) and Kivu, Dem. Rep. Congo; Bioko (Equatorial Guinea); possibly into western Uganda and Rwanda.

Comment

See Perret, 1975, Ann. Fac. Sci. Cameroun, 20: 23–31, for discussion of the two subspecies: Hyperolius ocellatus ocellatus and Hyperolius ocellatus prupurescens. See comment under Hyperolius lucani. Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 168–169, provided an account. De la Riva, 1994, Rev. Esp. Herpetol., 8: 130, provided a record for Equatorial Guinea. Frétey and Blanc, 2001, Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 126: 383, reported this species from Gabon. Schiøtz, 1999, Treefrogs Afr.: 140–141, provided a brief account and map. Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 172–173, provided an account. Lasso, Rial, Castroviejo, and De la Riva, 2002, Graellsia, 58: 21–34, provided notes on ecological distribution in Equatorial Guinea. Schiøtz, 2006, Alytes, 24: 48, provided comments on the species from central Dem. Rep. Congo. See account for Cameroon by Amiet, 2012, Rainettes Cameroun: 313–321. Channing, Rödel, and Channing, 2012, Tadpoles of Africa: 217–218, reported on comparative tadpole morphology.

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