Hyperolius kivuensis Ahl, 1931

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hyperoliidae > Genus: Hyperolius > Species: Hyperolius kivuensis

Hyperolius kivuensis Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 280. Holotype: ZMB unnumbered according to the original publication; ZMB 36098, according to Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 82. Type locality: "Kivu-See" (= Lake Kivu), Dem. Rep. Congo. The description in Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 26, appeared a few weeks later according to unpublished notes by A. Loveridge (fide R. Laurent).

Hyperolius simus Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 306. Syntypes: ZMB (3 specimens) unnumbered, according to the original publication; ZMB 36111a designated lectotype by Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 82. Type locality: "Usumbura am Tanganyika-See", Burundi. Synonymy by Laurent, 1947, Bull. Mus. R. Hist. Nat. Belg., 23: 1-8. The description in Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 46, appeared a few weeks later according to unpublished notes by A. Loveridge (fide R. Laurent).

Hyperolius ipianae Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 300. Holotype: ZMB unnumbered, according to the original publication; ZMB 36091 according to Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 82. Type locality: "Ipiana". Provisional synonymy (with Afrixalus brachycnemis) by Loveridge, 1933, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 74: 346. Not mentioned in synonymy of Afrixalus brachycnemis by Loveridge, 1953, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 110: 346. Synonymy provisionally transferred to Hyperolius kivuensis by Laurent, 1943, Ann. Mus. R. Congo Belge, Tervuren, Zool., 4: 67. The description in Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 43, appeared a few weeks later according to unpublished notes by A. Loveridge (fide R. Laurent). Considered a junior synonym of Hyperolius kivuensis multifasciatus by Pickersgill, 2007, Frog Search: 325.

Hyperolius bituberculatus Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 281. Holotype: ZMB unnumbered according to the original publication. Type locality: "Mohasi-See [= Lake Mohasi], Ruanda [= Rwanda]". Preoccupied by Rappia tuberculata Mocquard. Synonymy by Laurent, 1943, Ann. Mus. R. Congo Belge, Tervuren, Zool., 4: 67; Laurent, 1950, Explor. Parc Natl. Albert, Miss. G.F. de Witte (1933–1935), 64: 60. The description in Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 27, appeared a few weeks later according to unpublished notes by A. Loveridge (fide R. Laurent).

Hyperolius raveni Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 291. Holotype: ZMB unnumbered according to the original publication; lost, according to R. Laurent IN Frost, 1985, Amph. Species World: 216. Type locality: "Vulkangebiet nordöstlich des Kivu-Sees" (volcano region northeast of Lake Kivu, boundary between Dem. Rep. Congo and Rwanda). The description in Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 24, appeared a few weeks later according to unpublished notes by A. Loveridge (fide R. Laurent). Probably a synonym of Hyperolius kivuensis according to R. Laurent in Frost, 1985, Amph. Species World: 216. Not mentioned by Schiøtz, 1999, Treefrogs Afr..

Hyperolius multifasciatus Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 278. Holotype: ZMB 36109 according to Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 94. Type locality: "Rungwe", Tanzania; given as "Missionsstation Rungwe" by Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 24. The description in Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 24, appeared a few weeks later according to unpublished notes by A. Loveridge (fide R. Laurent). Synonymy with Hyperolius quinquevittatus by Laurent, 1954, Publ. Cult. Companhia Diamantes Angola, 23: 77; Laurent, 1957, Explor. Parc Natl. Upemba, Miss. G.F. de Witte, 42: 34. Formerly considered a likely synonym of Megalixalus brachycnemis by Loveridge, 1933, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 74: 346. Synonymy with Hyperolius kivuensis by Pickersgill, 2007, Frog Search: 325.

Hyperolius kivuensis kivuensisLaurent, 1950, Explor. Parc Natl. Albert, Miss. G.F. de Witte (1933–1935), 64: 59; Laurent, 1954, Publ. Cult. Companhia Diamantes Angola, 23: 135 (16 of preprint).

Hyperolius kivuensis bituberculatusLaurent, 1950, Explor. Parc Natl. Albert, Miss. G.F. de Witte (1933–1935), 64: 59.

Hyperolius sansibaricus kivuensisLaurent, 1957, Explor. Parc Natl. Upemba, Miss. G.F. de Witte, 42: 14.

Hyperolius sansibaricus ipianaeLaurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 82.

Hyperolius kivuensis kivuensisSchiøtz, 1975, Treefrogs E. Afr.: 115.

Hyperolius kivuensis multifasciatusPickersgill, 2007, Frog Search: 325.

English Names

Lake Kivu Reed Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 67).

Kivu Reed Frog (Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 157; Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 164).

Volcano Reed Frog (Hyperolius raveni [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 68).

Side-striped Tree Frog (Lötters, Wagner, Bwong, Schick, Malonza, Muchai, Wasonga, and Veith, 2007, Fieldguide Amph. Rept. Kakamega Forest: 33).

Distribution

Dense savannas of southwestern Ethiopia, eastern South Sudan, western Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, and Burundi, eastern and southern Dem. Rep. Congo, western Tanzania, Malawi, northwestern Mozambique, and Zambia to Angola, possibly into northern Zimbabwe.

Comment

In the Hyperolius concolor superspecies according to Schiøtz, 1975, Treefrogs E. Afr.: 113. Easily confused with Hyperolius quinquevittatus, to which Schiøtz's Malawi record should be referred. See comment under Hyperolius raveni and Hyperolius pustulifer. Poynton and Broadley, 1987, Ann. Natal Mus., 28: 196-197, considered material from Malawi, allocated by previous authors to Hyperolius kivuensis to Hyperolius quiquevittatus. See account of Ethiopian population by Largen, 1998, Tropical Zool., 11: 61-82, and for southern African populations by Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 157-158. Largen, 2001, Tropical Zool., 14: 358, commented on distribution. Schiøtz, 1999, Treefrogs Afr.: 163–164, provided a brief account and map. Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 164-165, provided an account and implied that Ethiopia, Rwanda, and Sudan are not within this species' range. Pickersgill, 2007, Frog Search: 321-325, provided an account and comments regarding Hyperolius kivuensis kivuensis and Hyperolius kivuensis multifasciatus and confusion with Hyperolius quinquevittatus. Lötters, Wagner, Bwong, Schick, Malonza, Muchai, Wasonga, and Veith, 2007, Fieldguide Amph. Rept. Kakamega Forest: 33-34, provided an account for the western Kenya population. See account, photograph, and map for Ethiopia by Largen and Spawls, 2010, Amph. Rept. Ethiopia Eritrea: 114. Mercurio, 2011, Amph. Malawi: 158-159, provided an account for Malawi. Channing, Rödel, and Channing, 2012, Tadpoles of Africa: 212, reported on comparative tadpole morphology.

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.