Hyperolius concolor (Hallowell, 1844)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hyperoliidae > Genus: Hyperolius > Species: Hyperolius concolor

Ixalus concolor Hallowell, 1844, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 2: 60. Holotype: ANSP 3216, according to Malnate, 1971, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 123: 350. Type locality: "Liberia".

Euchnemis modestus Lichtenstein and Martens, 1856, Nomencl. Rept. Amph. Mus. Zool. Berol.: 36. Nomen nudum. Synonymy by Günther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 88.

Hyperolius modestus Günther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 88. Holotype: BMNH, by original designation; now BM 1947.2.25.47 according to museum records. Type localty: "Gold Coast". Synonymy by Peters, 1875, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1875: 207; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 124.

Hyperolius concolorCope, 1862, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 14: 342; Peters, 1875, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1875: 207; Noble, 1924, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 49: 251.

Hyperolius concolorCope, 1862, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 14: 342; Barbour and Loveridge, 1930, in Strong (ed.), Afr. Rep. Liberia Belgian Congo, 2: 783.

Rappia concolorBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 124; Chabanaud, 1921, Bull. Com. Études Hist. Scient. Afr. Occid. Franç., 1921: 457.

Hyperolius guttatus Peters, 1875, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1875: 207. Syntypes: ZMB 8378, 4489; ZMB 8378 designated lectotype by implication of being considered holotype by Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 73, and Perret, 1975, Rev. Suisse Zool., 82: 190. Type localities: "Cameruns" and "Boutry", Cameroon; restricted by lectotype designation to "Cameruns". Corrected to Douala, Cameroon by Frétey, Dubois, and Ohler, 2014, Alytes, 30: 17, who discussed the types and type locality and redescribed the lectotype. Placement as a subspecies of Hyperolius ocellatus by Laurent, 1956, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 53: 235. Synonymy with Hyperolius steindachneri by Perret, 1975, Rev. Suisse Zool., 82: 190. Considered possibly conspecific with Hyperolius ocellatus by Lötters, Gossmann, Obame, and Böhme, 2001, Herpetofauna, Weinstadt, 23: 29.

Rappia sordida Fischer, 1888, Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst., 5: 10. Syntypes: in "Lübecker Museum", by original designation; including BMNH 89.12.16.160-161, according to Parker, 1936, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1936: 151 (who provided a redescription). Type locality: "Kamerun". Synonymy by Loveridge, 1938, Proc. New England Zool. Club, 17: 49-74; Perret, 1966, Zool. Jahrb., Jena, Abt. Syst., 93: 411.

Rappia guttata — Tornier, 1896, in Möbius (ed.), Deutsch Ost-Afr., 3: 142.

Rappia spurrelli Boulenger, 1917, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 8, 19: 408. Holotype: BMNH, by original designation. Type locality: "Obuasi, S. Ashantee". Synonymy with Hyperolius concolor concolor by Laurent, 1951, Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 23-50; Perret, 1966, Zool. Jahrb., Jena, Abt. Syst., 93: 411.

Hyperolius spurrelliNoble, 1924, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 49: 251, 329.

Hyperolius sordidusNoble, 1924, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 49: 252, 329; Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 335.

Hyperolius spurrelli Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 270.

Hyperolius depressus Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 326. Holotype: ZMB unnumbered, according to the original publication. Type locality: "Misahöhe, Togo". Synonymy by Laurent, 1958, Mem. Inst. Franç. Afr. Noire, 53: 275; Perret, 1966, Zool. Jahrb., Jena, Abt. Syst., 93: 411. The description in Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 61, appeared a few weeks later according to unpublished notes by A. Loveridge (fide R. Laurent).

Hyperolius togoensis Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 390. Syntypes: ZMB unnumbered, according to the original publication. Type locality: "Togo (genauerer Fundort unbekkannt)". Synonymy by Laurent, 1958, Mem. Inst. Franç. Afr. Noire, 53: 275; Perret, 1966, Zool. Jahrb., Jena, Abt. Syst., 93: 411. The description in Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 112, appeared a few weeks later according to unpublished notes by A. Loveridge (fide R. Laurent).

Hyperolius maximus Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 366. Holotype: ZMB unnumbered, according to the original publication; this being ZMB 36113, according to XXX; MCZ 17639 considered 'cotype', on exchange from ZMB by Barbour and Loveridge, 1946, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 96: 127. Type locality: "Ossindinge", Cameroon. Synonymy by Loveridge, 1938, Proc. New England Zool. Club, 17: 49-74; Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 78. The description in Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 92, appeared a few weeks later according to unpublished notes by A. Loveridge (fide R. Laurent).

Hyperolius petersi Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 274. Syntypes: ZMB unnumbered according to the original publication. Type locality: "Mombas". Synonymy by Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 77; Perret, 1966, Zool. Jahrb., Jena, Abt. Syst., 93: 411. The description in Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 23, appeared a few weeks later according to unpublished notes by A. Loveridge (fide R. Laurent).

Hyperolius pulcher Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 308. Holotype: ZMB unnumbered, according to the original publication; ZMB 36088, according to Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 78. Type locality: "Japoma [near Douala], Kamerun". Synonymy by Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 78. The description in Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 48, appeared a few weeks later according to unpublished notes by A. Loveridge (fide R. Laurent).

Hyperolius argentophthalmus Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 357. Holotype: ZMB unnumbered, according to the original publication; ZMB 36092, according to Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 78. Type locality: Unknown. Synonymy by  Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: : 77; Perret, 1966, Zool. Jahrb., Jena, Abt. Syst., 93: 411. The description in Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 83, appeared a few weeks later according to unpublished notes by A. Loveridge (fide R. Laurent).

Hyperolius moseri Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 311. Holotype: ZMB unnumbered, according to the original publication. Type locality: "Togo (Misahöhe)". Synonymy (with Hyperolius concolor concolor) by Laurent, 1951, Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 30; Laurent, 1951, Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 23-50; Perret, 1966, Zool. Jahrb., Jena, Abt. Syst., 93: 411. The description in Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 50, appeared a few weeks later according to unpublished notes by A. Loveridge (fide R. Laurent).

Hyperolius narinus Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 383. Holotype: ZMB unnumbered, according to the original publication; ZMB 36090, according to Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: : 78. Type locality: "Togo (Misahöhe". Synonymy, without discussion, by Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: : 77; Perret, 1966, Zool. Jahrb., Jena, Abt. Syst., 93: 411; tentative synonymy by Schiøtz, 1967, Spolia Zool. Mus. Haun., 25: 176. The description in Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 109, appeared a few weeks later according to unpublished notes by A. Loveridge (fide R. Laurent).

Hyperolius guineensis Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 285. Syntypes: ZMB unnumbered according to the original publication. Type locality: "Guinea". Synonymy by Laurent, 1958, Mem. Inst. Franç. Afr. Noire, 53: 275; Perret, 1966, Zool. Jahrb., Jena, Abt. Syst., 93: 411; (tentative synonymy by) Schiøtz, 1967, Spolia Zool. Mus. Haun., 25: 176. The description in Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 30, appeared a few weeks later according to unpublished notes by A. Loveridge (fide R. Laurent).

Hyperolius concolor concolor — Laurent, 1951, Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 30; Perret, 1962, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 65: 244.

Hyperolius ocellatus guttatus — Laurent, 1956, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 53: 235; Laurent, 1958, Mem. Inst. Franç. Afr. Noire, 53: 288;Perret, 1966, Zool. Jahrb., Jena, Abt. Syst., 93: 401; Schiøtz, 1966, Vidensk. Medd. Dansk Naturhist. Foren., 129: 48. See Perret, 1975, Ann. Fac. Sci. Cameroun, 20: 23-31, and Lötters, Gossmann, Obame, and Böhme, 2001, Herpetofauna, Weinstadt, 23: 29-30.

Hyperolius concolor ibadanensis Schiøtz, 1967, Spolia Zool. Mus. Haun., 25: 180. Holotype: ZMUC R 071441, by original designation. Type locality: "University of Ibadan, Nigeria".

Hyperolius concolor guttatus —  Frétey, Dubois, and Ohler, 2014, Alytes, 30: 20. 

English Names

Variable Reed Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 67).

Hallowell's Sedge Frog (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 72).

Distribution

Eastern Sierra Leone to western Cameroon.

Comment

In the Hyperolius concolor superspecies according to Schiøtz, 1975, Treefrogs E. Afr.: 113. Schiøtz, 1999, Treefrogs Afr.: 104–105, provided a brief account and map. See comment under Hyperolius stenodactylus. Rödel, 2000, Herpetofauna W. Afr., 1: 194–199, provided an account. Gambia record by Barnett, Emms, and Santoni, 2001, Herpetol. Bull., London, 77: 8, was noted as a likely misidentification by Emms, Jambang, Bah, Mankali, Rödel, and Barnett, 2005, Herpetol. Bull., London, 94: 6–16. Segniagbeto, Bowessidjaou, Dubois, and Ohler, 2007, Alytes, 24: 77, commented on the presence of this species in Togo. See account for Cameroon by Amiet, 2012, Rainettes Cameroun: 262–270. Channing, Rödel, and Channing, 2012, Tadpoles of Africa: 209, reported on comparative tadpole morphology.

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