Hyperolius cinnamomeoventris Bocage, 1866

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hyperoliidae > Genus: Hyperolius > Species: Hyperolius cinnamomeoventris

Hyperolius cinnamomeo-ventris Bocage, 1866, J. Sci. Math. Phys. Nat., Lisboa, 1: 75. Holotype: MBL by original indication; not located by Perret, 1976, Arq. Mus. Bocage, Ser. 2, 6: 24; destroyed in 1978 fire if still extant at that time. Type locality: "Duque de Bragança", Angola.

Hyperolius tristis Bocage, 1866, J. Sci. Math. Phys. Nat., Lisboa, 1: 76. Holotype: Not located in MBL by Perret, 1976, Arq. Mus. Bocage, Ser. 2, 6: 25. Destroyed in 1978 fire if extant at that time. Type locality: "Duque de Bragança", Angola. Synonymy by Laurent, 1943, Ann. Mus. R. Congo Belge, Tervuren, Zool., 4: 67, and Laurent, 1948 "1947", Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 11, 14: 288-294, and accepted explicitly by Perret, 1976, Arq. Mus. Bocage, Ser. 2, 6: 25.

Hyperolius fimbriolatus Peters, 1876, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1876: 121. Syntypes: ZMB 8830 (2 specimens), according to Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 79. Type locality: "Limbareni am Ogowe" = Lambarene, Gabon. Synonymy with Hyperolius cinnamomeoventris olivaceus suggested by Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 79, and confirmed by Lötters, Gossmann, Obame, and Böhme, 2001, Herpetofauna, Weinstadt, 23: 29.

Hyperolius olivaceus Peters, 1876, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1876: 120. Syntypes: ZMB 8829 (2 specimens) according to Bauer, Günther, and Klipfel, 1995, in Bauer et al. (eds.), Herpetol. Contr. W.C.H. Peters: 44. Type locality: "Limbareni am Ogowe" [=Lambarene, Gabon]. Considered a junior synonym of Hyperolius fuscigula by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 124. Recognized by Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 293. Synonymy by Laurent, 1943, Ann. Mus. R. Congo Belge, Tervuren, Zool., 4: 67, 80. Synonymy considered tentative by Lötters, Gossmann, Obame, and Böhme, 2001, Herpetofauna, Weinstadt, 23: 28-29

Rappia tristisBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 121.

Rappia fimbriolataBoettger, 1888, Ber. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 1888: 98.

Rappia cinnamomeiventrisBocage, 1895, Herpetol. Angola Congo: 172. Incorrect subsequent spelling of species name.

Hyperolius cinnamomeoventrisNoble, 1924, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 49: 251, 325.

Hyperolius tristisNoble, 1924, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 49: 251, 330. Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 283.

Hyperolius cinnamomeoventris cinnamomeoventrisLaurent, 1943, Ann. Mus. R. Congo Belge, Tervuren, Zool., 4: 78; Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 79.

Hyperolius cinnamomeoventris olivaceusLaurent, 1943, Ann. Mus. R. Congo Belge, Tervuren, Zool., 4: 67, 80.

Hyperolius ituriensis Laurent, 1943, Ann. Mus. R. Congo Belge, Tervuren, Zool., 4: 85. Holotype: MRAC 2175, by original designation. Type locality: "Djalasinda (Ituri)", Dem. Rep. Congo. Synonymy by Schiøtz, 1975, Treefrogs E. Afr.: 123.

Hyperolius wittei Laurent, 1943, Ann. Mus. R. Congo Belge, Tervuren, Zool., 4: 71. Holotype: MRAC 1252, by original designation. Type locality: "Klul (près de Mwanza) (distr. Tanganika [sic])", Dem. Rep. Congo. Synonymy by Laurent, 1957, Explor. Parc Natl. Upemba, Miss. G.F. de Witte, 42: 13.

Hyperolius cinnamomeoventris witteiLaurent, 1957, Explor. Parc Natl. Upemba, Miss. G.F. de Witte, 42: 13. 

English Names

Braganca Reed Frog (Hyperolius cinnamomeoventris: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 67).

Duque Reed Frog (Hyperolius tristis [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 68).

Cinnamon-bellied Reed Frog (Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 153; Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 157).

Cinnamom Tree Frog (Lötters, Wagner, Bwong, Schick, Malonza, Muchai, Wasonga, and Veith, 2007, Fieldguide Amph. Rept. Kakamega Forest: 30).

Dimorphic Reed Frog (Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 157 [alternative name]).

Lambarene Reed Frog (Hyperolius fimbriolatus [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 67).

Distribution

Central and southern Cameroon and Angola to Uganda and westernmost Kenya; isolated record in eastern Angola on the Zambia frontier and in northwestern Zambia.

Comment

Two savanna and forest forms from Cameroon described by Perret, 1966, Zool. Jahrb., Jena, Abt. Syst., 93: 406–407. See accounts by Inger, 1968, Explor. Parc Natl. Garamba, Miss. H. de Saeger, 52: 155; Laurent, 1972, Explor. Parc Natl. Virunga, Ser. 2, 22: 80–82. Equatorial Guinea record by De la Riva, 1994, Rev. Esp. Herpetol., 8: 129. Schiøtz, 1999, Treefrogs Afr.: 129–131, provided a brief account and map. Frétey and Blanc, 2001, Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 126: 383, reported this species from Gabon. Schiøtz and Van Daele, 2003, Alytes, 20: 137–149, provided the Zambia record. Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 157–158, provided an account. Lasso, Rial, Castroviejo, and De la Riva, 2002, Graellsia, 58: 21-34, provided notes on ecological distribution in Equatorial Guinea. Schiøtz, 2006, Alytes, 24: 44, provided information for central Dem. Rep. Congo, and noted that the species name may cover a complex of species. Pickersgill, 2007, Frog Search: 367–368, provided systematic comments. Jackson and Blackburn, 2007, Salamandra, 43: 149–164, provided a record (as Hyperolius cf. cinnamomeoventris) for Nouabale-Ndoki National Park, Rep. Congo. Lötters, Wagner, Bwong, Schick, Malonza, Muchai, Wasonga, and Veith, 2007, Fieldguide Amph. Rept. Kakamega Forest: 30–31, provided an account for the western Kenya population. Roelke and Smith, 2010, Check List, 6: 525–531, commented on the dimorphic color pattern in adults. See account for Cameroon by Amiet, 2012, Rainettes Cameroun: 278–285. See comments under Hyperolius thomensis and Hyperolius molleri. 

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