Scinax fuscovarius (Lutz, 1925)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Scinaxinae > Genus: Scinax > Species: Scinax fuscovarius

Hyla fuscovaria Lutz, 1925, C. R. Mém. Hebd. Séances Soc. Biol. Filial., Paris, 93 (1925, vol. 2): 212. Syntypes: Not stated, although presumably originally IOC; now AL-MNRJ 76 (according to W.E. Duellman IN Frost, 1985, Amph. Species World: 162), USNM 96988, 96992-94, 97001-05 (according to Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 54), MCZ 15851-52 (on exchange from IOC, according to Barbour and Loveridge, 1946, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 96: 122 [although W.E Duellman IN Frost, 1985, Amph. Species World: 162, only noted 15851 as a sntype). Type locality: "Agua Branca [= Agua Limpa, Juiz de Fora] (Minas [Gerais])", Brazil. USNM 97001-05 from "Lasance, Minas Gerais, Brazil" according to Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 54, rendering the status of these specimens questionable.

Hyla megapodia Miranda-Ribeiro, 1926, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 27: pl. V. (Description by indication). Type(s): Not stated but animal figured on pl. 5 of the original is the holotype; MNRJ 223 (2 specimens), MCZ 15668 (on exchange from MNRJ, regarded as syntypes by Barbour and Loveridge, 1946, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 96: 123). MNRJ 229A designated lectotype by Miranda-Ribeiro, 1955, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 42: 411. Type locality: Not stated; Miranda-Ribeiro, 1937, O Campo, 8: 67, noted the type localities as "[São Luis de] Caceres (Rio Paraguay) e Porto Esperidião (Rio Jauru)", Mato Grosso, Brazil. Type locality given as "Cáceres (= São Luiz de Cáceres), Mato Grosso", Brazil by Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 55. Synonymy by Lutz, 1973, Brazil. Spec. Hyla: 127; Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 96.

Hyla trachythorax Müller and Hellmich, 1936, Wissenschaft. Ergebn. Deutschen Gran Chaco Exped., Amph. Rept.: 77. Syntypes: ZSM 156/1933 (2 specimens, lost), ZSM 152/1933 (2 specimens, lost), and ZSM 153/1933 (7 specimens) according to Glaw and Franzen, 2006, Spixiana, München, 29: 169. Type localities: "Apa-Bergland (San Luis)", "Apa-Bergland, Centurion (San Luis)", Paraguay. Synonymy by Lutz, 1973, Brazil. Spec. Hyla: 127; Cei, 1980, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Monogr., 2: 487; Lavilla, 1994 "1992", Acta Zool. Lilloana, 42: 74; Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 96.

Ololygon fuscovariaFouquette and Delahoussaye, 1977, J. Herpetol., 11: 392. Lavilla, 1994 "1992", Acta Zool. Lilloana, 42: 74.

Ololygon megapodiaFouquette and Delahoussaye, 1977, J. Herpetol., 11: 392.

Ololygon trachythoraxFouquette and Delahoussaye, 1977, J. Herpetol., 11: 392.

Ololygon fuscovariumLaurent and Teran, 1981, Fund. Miguel Lillo, Misc., 71: 10. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Scinax fuscovariaDuellman and Wiens, 1992, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 151: 22.

Scinax trachythoraxDuellman and Wiens, 1992, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 151: 23.

Scinax fuscovariusKöhler and Böhme, 1996, Rev. Fr. Aquar. Herpetol., 23: 139.

English Names

Snouted Treefrog (Scinax fuscovarius: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 64).

Fuscous-blotched Treefrog (Eterovick and Sazima, 2004, Anf. Serra do Cipó: 65).

Miranda's Snouted Treefrog (Scinax megapodius [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 64).

San Luis Snouted Treefrog (Scinax trachythorax [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 64).

Distribution

Southeastern Brazil, northern Argentina, Paraguay, and Bolivia, 150-1800 m elevation.

Comment

See Lutz, 1973, Brazil. Spec. Hyla: 127, for discussion. See also Cei, 1980, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Monogr., 2: 487-488. Formerly in the Scinax ruber group; this group rejected as nonmonophyletic by Faivovich, 2002, Cladistics, 18: 367-393. In the Scinax ruber clade of Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 96. See comment under Scinax megapodius. See Arrieta and Maneyro, 1999, Bol. Soc. Zool. Uruguay, Ser. 2, 10: 15-19, for Uruguay record. See comment under Scinax trachythorax. Köhler, 2000, Bonn. Zool. Monogr., 48: 106-108, provided a brief account. Achaval and Olmos, 2003, Anf. Rept. Uruguay, ed. 2: 45, provided a brief account and photograph for the Uruguay population. Baldo and Rosset, 2005, Herpetol. Rev., 36: 335, and Baldo and Rosset, 2006, Herpetol. Rev., 37: 103-104, provided new records for Catamarca Province, Argentina, and briefly discussed the range in Argentina. Canelas and Bertoluci, 2007, Iheringia, Zool., 97: 21-26, provided a record for the Serra do Caraça, southern end of the Serra do Espinhaço, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Brusquetti and Lavilla, 2006, Cuad. Herpetol., 20: 11, briefly discussed the range in Paraguay. Eterovick and Sazima, 2004, Anf. Serra do Cipó: 65-66, provided a photograph and brief account. Cruz, Feio, and Caramaschi, 2009, Anf. Ibitipoca: 102-103, provided photographs and a brief account for Parque Estadual do Ibitipoca, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Schulze, Jansen, and Köhler, 2015, Zootaxa, 4016: 44–46, described, diagnosed, and pictured the larva. 

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