Osteocephalus taurinus Steindachner, 1862

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Lophyohylinae > Genus: Osteocephalus > Species: Osteocephalus taurinus

Osteocephalus taurinus Fitzinger, 1843, Syst. Rept.: 30. Nomen nudum.

Osteocephalus taurinus Steindachner, 1862, Arch. Zool. Anat. Fisiol., Fasc. 1, 2: 77. Holotype: NHMW 16492 according to Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 150, and Häupl and Tiedemann, 1978, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 2: 26. Type locality: "Barra do Rio Negro, [Manáus, Amazonas,] in Brasilien".

Osteocephalus flavolineatus Steindachner, 1862, Arch. Zool. Anat. Fisiol., Fasc. 1, 2: 80. Holotype: NHMW 16495 according to Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 150, and Häupl and Tiedemann, 1978, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 2: 26. Type locality: "Cocuy [= Cucuí, Amazonas], in Brasilien". Tentative synonymy by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 363.

Trachycephalus (Osteocephalus) taurinusSteindachner, 1867, Reise Österreichischen Fregatte Novara, Zool., Amph.: 64.

Trachycephalus (Osteocephalus) flavolineatus Steindachner, 1867, Reise Österreichischen Fregatte Novara, Zool., Amph.: 64.

Hyla taurinaBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 363. Rivero, 1961, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 126: 110.

Hyla planicepsBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 364.

Hyla (Trachycephalus) taurinaMelin, 1941, Göteborgs K. Vetensk. Vitterh. Samh. Handl., Ser. B, 1: 38.

Hyla depressa Andersson, 1945, Ark. Zool., 37A(2): 73. Holotype: NHRM 1966, according to Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 150. Type locality: "Rio Pastaza, Watershed", eastern Ecuador. Synonymy by Trueb and Duellman, 1971, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 1: 31.

Osteocephalus taurinusGoin, 1961, Ann. Carnegie Mus., 36: 13. Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 64.

English Names

Manaus Slender-legged Treefrog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 61).

Distribution

Amazon Basin of Ecuador, Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, as well as the upper Orinoco Basin of Venezuela, and the Guianas (see comment).

Comment

De la Riva, Márquez, and Bosch, 1995, J. Herpetol., 29: 116, suggested on the basis of call variation that this nominal species may conceal a number of cryptic species Rodríguez and Duellman, 1994, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 22: 40–41, provided a brief account for the Iquitos region of northeastern Peru. Lescure and Marty, 2000, Collect. Patrimoines Nat., Paris, 45: 188–189, provided a photo and brief account for French Guiana. See comments regarding Venezuelan population by Gorzula and Señaris, 1999 "1998", Scient. Guaianae, 8: 38. Kok and Kalamandeen, 2008, Intr. Taxon. Amph. Kaieteur Natl. Park: 188-189, provided an account. See account for Surinam population by Ouboter and Jairam, 2012, Amph. Suriname: 168-169. See Cole, Townsend, Reynolds, MacCulloch, and Lathrop, 2013, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 125: 412–413, for brief account and records for Guyana. In the Osteocephalus taurinus species group of Jungfer, Faivovich, Padial, Castroviejo-Fisher, Lyra, Berneck, Iglesias, Kok, MacCulloch, Rodrigues, Verdade, Torres-Gastello, Chaparro, Valdujo, Reichle, Moravec, Gvoždík, Gagliardi-Urrutia, Ernst, De la Riva, Means, Lima, Señaris, Wheeler, and Haddad, 2013, Zool. Scripta, 42: 351–380, who also noted five likely species masquerading under this name. These authors also noted that nominal Osteocephalus taurinus is paraphyletic with respect to Osteocephalus oophagus due to the fact that four unnamed species from the eastern part of the Guiana Shield, eastern Mato Grosso, Brazil, western Guiana Shield, and Pasco, Peru, are masquerading under the name Osteocephalus taurinus, which is actually restricted to Amazonia of Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, and Bolivia. Schulze, Jansen, and Köhler, 2015, Zootaxa, 4016: 41–42, described, diagnosed, and pictured the larva.  

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