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Pseudacris Fitzinger, 1843

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Hylinae > Genus: Pseudacris
18 species

Pseudacris Fitzinger, 1843, Syst. Rept.: 31. Type species: Rana nigrita LeConte, 1825, by monotypy.

Chorophilus Baird, 1854, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 7: 59. Type species: Rana nigrita LeConte, 1825, by original designation. Synonymy with Pseudacris by Cope, 1889, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 34: 338, who, however, continued to use Chorophilus. The use of Pseudacris as the older name begins with Stejneger and Barbour, 1917, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept.: 30.

Helocaetes Baird, 1854, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 7: 59. Type species: Hyla triseriata Wied-Neuwied, 1839, by subsequent designation of Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 73. Synonymy by Cope, 1862, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 14: 157; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 332.

HeloecetesBaird, 1859, Rep. U.S-Mex. Bound. Surv., 2(Pt. 2-Rept.): 28. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Hyliola Mocquard, 1899, Nouv. Arch. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Ser. 4, 1: 337. Type species: Hyla regilla Baird and Girard, 1852, by subsequent designation of Stejneger, 1907, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 58: 75. Synonymy by Günther, 1901, Biol. Centr. Amer., Rept. Batr., Part 165: 263; by implication, and Stejneger and Barbour, 1917, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept.: 33.

Limnaoedus Mittleman and List, 1953, Copeia, 1953: 83. Type species: Hylodes ocularis Holbrook, 1838 (= Hyla ocularis Bosc and Daudin, 1801), by original designation. Synonymy by Hedges, 1986, Syst. Zool., 35: 11.

Parapseudacris Hardy and Burrows, 1986, Bull. Maryland Herpetol. Soc., 22: 80. Type species: Hyla crucifer Wied-Neuwied, 1838, by original designation. Synonymy with Hyla by implication of Cocroft, 1994, Herpetologica, 50: 420-437, and with Pseudacris by Hedges, 1986, Syst. Zool., 35: 11.

English Names

Little Tree Frogs (Chorophilus [no longer recognized]: Jordan, 1878, Man. Vert. North. U.S., Ed. 2: 189; Fowler, 1907, Annu. Rep. N.J. State Mus. for 1906: 108).

Swamp Tree Toads (Pseudacris: Fowler, 1907, Annu. Rep. N.J. State Mus. for 1906: 97).

Chorus Frogs (Pseudacris: Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 176; Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 25; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 62; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 12; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 11; Frost, McDiarmid, and Mendelson, 2008, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 37: 9; Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 20; Frost, McDiarmid, Mendelson, and Green, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 19).

Distribution

North America from southern Alaska south to southern Baja California, and east of the Rocky Mountains from Hudson Bay to the Gulf of Mexico.

Comment

Dubois, 1984, Alytes, 3: 85-89, regarded Pseudacris as a subgenus of Hyla, following Noble, 1923, Am. Mus. Novit., 70: 1-6, who considered Pseudacris a junior synonym of Hyla. Hedges, 1986, Syst. Zool., 35: 11, placed former Hyla crucifer, Hyla regilla, Hyla cadaverina, and Limnaoedus ocularis in Pseudacris and discussed phylogenetic relationships. Cocroft, 1994, Herpetologica, 50: 420-437, provided a phylogenetic analysis of Pseudacris and disputed Hedges' results, although Silva, 1997, J. Herpetol., 31: 609-613, provided additional evidence and discussion in support of placing these species within Pseudacris. Moriarty and Cannatella, 2004, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 30: 409-420, discussed phylogeny in the genus. In the Hylini of Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 89, who recognized four groups within the genus (p. 106) noted in the species records. Lemmon, Lemmon, Collins, Lee-Yaw, and Cannatella, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 44: 1068-1082, provided results that corroborated the tree of Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 89, and discussed and revised the Pseudacris nigrita group. Lemmon, Lemmon, and Cannatella, 2007, Evolution, 61: 2086-2103, discussed the biogeography of the Pseudacris nigrita group. Lemmon, Lemmon, Collins, and Cannatella, 2008, Zootaxa, 1675: 45-46, also provided a summary of the phylogenetics of the Pseudacris nigrita group. Barrow, Ralicki, Emme, and Lemmon, 2014, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 75: 78–90, reported on molecular phylogenetics. 

Contained taxa (18 sp.):

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