Hyla Laurenti, 1768

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Hylinae > Genus: Hyla
15 species

Ranetta Garsault, 1764, Fig. Plantes et Animaux: pl. 672. Type species: Rana arborea Linnaeus, 1758, by indication according to Welter-Schultes and Klug, 2009, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 66: 235, who made the synonymy. This type species formally designated by Dubois and Bour, 2010, Zootaxa, 2447: 28. Nomen oblitum. See discussion by Welter-Schultes and Klug, 2011, Zootaxa, 2814: 50–58.

RanellaGarsault, 1764, Fig. Plantes et Animaux: pl. 414. Incorrect original spelling of Ranetta. See comments by Dubois and Bour, 2010, Zootaxa, 2447: 28.

Hyla Laurenti, 1768, Spec. Med. Exhib. Synops. Rept.: 32. Type species: Hyla viridis Laurenti, 1768 (= Rana arborea Linnaeus, 1758), by subsequent designation of Stejneger, 1907, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 58: 75. Treatment as a subgenus of the genus Hyla by Fouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept.: 331–332

Calamita Schneider, 1799, Hist. Amph. Nat.: 151. Type species: Rana arborea Linnaeus, 1758, by subsequent designation of Stejneger, 1907, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 58: 75. Synonymy by Daudin, 1802 "An. XI", Hist. Nat. Rain. Gren. Crap., Quarto: 14; Merrem, 1820, Tent. Syst. Amph.: 169; Gray, 1825, Ann. Philos., London, Ser. 2, 10: 213; Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 542; Schreiber, 1875, Herpetol. Eur.: 105.

Hylaria Rafinesque, 1814, Specchio Sci., 2, 2: 103. Substitute name for Hyla.

Hylanus Rafinesque, 1815, Analyse Nat.: 220. Substitute name for Hyla Laurenti, 1768.

Hyleisinus Rafinesque, 1815, Analyse Nat.: 78. Incorrect original spelling for Hylanus Rafinesque, 1815.

Hylesinus Rafinesque, 1815, Analyse Nat.: 78. Incorrect original spelling for Hylanus Rafinesque, 1815.

Hyas Wagler, 1830, Nat. Syst. Amph.: 201. Type species: Rana arborea Linnaeus, 1758, by monotypy. Primary homonym of Hyas Leach, 1815 = Crustacea. Synonymy by Wiegmann, 1832, in Wiegmann and Ruthe (eds.), Handbuch der Zool., Amph.: 201; Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 542; Schreiber, 1875, Herpetol. Eur.: 105; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 337.

CalamitesWagler, 1830, Nat. Syst. Amph.: 201. Incorrect subsequent spelling of Calamita Schneider, 1799. 

Dendrohyas Wagler, 1830, Nat. Syst. Amph.: 349. Substitute name for Hyas Wagler, 1830. Synonymy with Hyla by Bonaparte, 1840, Mem. Accad. Sci. Torino, Ser. 2, 2: 404; Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 542.

Discodactylus Wagler in Michahelles, 1833, Isis von Oken, 26: 800. Replacement name for Calamita Schneider, 1799. 

English Names

True Tree Toads (Fowler, 1907, Annu. Rep. N.J. State Mus. for 1906: 104).

Common Treefrogs (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 53).

Treefrogs (Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 9).

Holarctic Treefrogs (Frost, McDiarmid, and Mendelson, 2008, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 37: 5; Frost, McDiarmid, Mendelson, and Green, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 15; Frost, Lemmon, McDiarmid, and Mendelson, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 11).

Distribution

Eurasia south of the Baltic Sea eastward with a hiatus between eastern Russia and the Oriental Region from northeastern India to Vietnam, China, and Hainan Island; Sardinia and Corsica, extreme north Africa from Morocco to Tunisia; northeastern Egypt, Turkey, and southern Arabian Peninsula.

Comment

Until partitioned by Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294, "Hyla" was considered to be a paraphyletic group that included most hylines. Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 102, recognized four species groups identified in the species accounts. The content of the Hyla arborea group includes some species which were retained by Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 102, in that group because no evidence excluded them; nevertheless, all members of the Hyla arborea group in China and Far East Russia are suspected on geographic grounds to be members of the Hyla eximia group, as originally suggested by Kuramoto, 1980, Copeia, 1980: 100–108. Zhang, 2002, Sichuan J. Zool., 21: 198–199, provided a key to the species of China. Laurenti, 1768, Spec. Med. Exhib. Synops. Rept.: 32, provided the etymology of the name that documents its masculine gender. Stöck, Dubey, Klütsch, Litvinchuk, Scheidt, and Perrin, 2008, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 49: 1019–1024, reported on the molecular phylogenetics of members of the Hyla arborea group of Europe and North Africa. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 590–653, provided a key, accounts, and spot maps of the Chinese taxa. Hua, Fu, Li, Nieto-Montes de Oca, and Wiens, 2009, Herpetologica, 65: 246–259, discussed molecular phylogeny of Hyla. Gvoždík, Moravec, Klütsch, and Kotlík, 2010, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 55: 1146–58, reported on the molecular phylogenetics of the species of the Levant and Arabia. Powell, Collins, and Hooper, 2011, Key Herpetofauna U.S. & Canada, 2nd Ed.: 49–51, provided a key to the species of the United States and Canada. Stöck, Dufresnes, Litvinchuk, Lymberakis, Biollay, Berroneau, Borzée, Ghali, Ogielska, and Perrin, 2012, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 65: 1–9, reported on the molecular phylogenetics and biogeography of the Hyla arborea group. Fouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept.: 331, on the basis of the tree and species group delimitations of Hua, Fu, Li, Nieto-Montes de Oca, and Wiens, 2009, Herpetologica, 65: 246–259, suggested the subgeneric name Hyla for the Hyla arborea group, Epedaphus for the Hyla cinerea group, and Dryophytes for the Hyla versicolor and Hyla eximia groups. Bryson, Smith, Nieto-Montes de Oca, García-Vázquez, and Riddle, 2014, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 172: 103–116, reported on the history of mtDNA introgression among members of the Hyla eximia group and noted an unnamed species in the Balsas Basin in southern Mexico. Li, Wang, Nian, Litvinchuk, Wang, Li, Rao, and Klaus, 2015, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 87: 80–90, provided a molecular study of 4 mtDNA and 1 nuDNA loci for 30 species that suggested that allowed definition of the Hyla chinensis group, separate from the Hyla arborea group and provided a time-tree that confirms the idea that the Hyla japonica group colonized Asia by way of the Bering Land bridge from North America. Redelimited by Duellman, Marion, and Hedges, 2016, Zootaxa, 4104: 22, who recognized Dryophytes, not diagnosable on any morphological characteristics, for a subset of former Hyla

Contained taxa (15 sp.):

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