Pseudacris ornata (Holbrook, 1836)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Acridinae > Genus: Pseudacris > Species: Pseudacris ornata

Rana ornata Holbrook, 1836, N. Am. Herpetol., 1: 97. Type(s): Frog figured in pl 16; not now known to exist. Type locality: ". . . only in South Carolina . . . about four miles from Charleston, between the Cooper and Ashley rivers . . .", Charleston County, South Carolina, USA. Senior secondary homonym of Pyxicephalus ornatus when that taxon is in Rana.

Cystignathus ornatusHolbrook, 1842, N. Am. Herpetol., Ed. 2, 4: 103.

Litoria occidentalis Baird and Girard, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 6: 301. Type(s): Not stated although presumably originally in USNM or ANSP. Type locality: "San Francisco", California, USA, in error according to Stejneger and Barbour, 1933, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 3: 32; restricted to Liberty County, Georgia, USA, by Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 76. Synonymy by Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 76.

Chorophilus ornatusLe Conte, 1855, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 7: 428.

Cystignathus ornatusGünther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 29.

Chorophilus copii Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 334. Holotype: BMNH 58.2.23.55, according to Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 170. Type locality: "Georgia", USA. Synonymy with Litoria occidentalis by Cope, 1889, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 34: 335. Synonymy by Nieden, 1923, Das Tierreich, 46: 351.

Chorophilus occidentalisCope, 1889, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 34: 335.

Hyla copiiGünther, 1901, Biol. Centr. Amer., Rept. Batr., Vol. 7, Part 165: 266; Noble, 1923, Am. Mus. Novit., 70: 5.

Pseudacris occidentalisStejneger and Barbour, 1917, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept.: 30.

Pseudacris ornataStejneger and Barbour, 1917, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept.: 31.

Hyla ornataNoble, 1923, Am. Mus. Novit., 70: 5, by implication.

Pseudacris copiiNoble, 1923, Am. Mus. Novit., 70: 1.

Hyla occidentalisNoble, 1923, Am. Mus. Novit., 70: 5, by implication.

Hyla weberi Noble, 1923, Am. Mus. Novit., 70: 5. Replacement name for Chorophilus copii Boulenger, 1882.

Hyla (Pseudacris) ornataDubois, 1984, Alytes, 3: 85.

Pseudacris (Pycnacris) ornataFouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept.: 362. 

English Names

Ornate Land Frog (Cystignathus ornatus: Wood, 1863, Illust. Nat. Hist., 3: 161).

Smooth Chorus Frog (Chorophilus occidentalis [no longer recognized]: Brimley, 1907, J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc., 23: 158; Wood, 1863, Illust. Nat. Hist., 3: 151)

Western Chorus Frog (Chorophilus occidentalis [no longer recognized]: Strecker, 1915, Baylor Univ. Bull., 18: 48); Wright and Wright, 1933, Handb. Frogs Toads U.S. Canada: x [as Pseudacris occidentalis]).

Ornate Tree Frog (Pseudacris ornata: Yarrow, 1882, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 24: 24).

Ornate Winter-Frog (Pseudacris ornata: Carr, 1940, Univ. Florida Biol. Sci. Ser., 3: 57).

Ornate Chorus Frog (Pseudacris ornata: Strecker, 1915, Baylor Univ. Bull., 18: 48; Wright and Wright, 1933, Handb. Frogs Toads U.S. Canada: x; Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 76; Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 176; Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 332; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 12; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 63; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 13; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 12; Frost, McDiarmid, and Mendelson, 2008, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 37: 10; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 7; Frost, McDiarmid, Mendelson, and Green, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 20; Frost, Lemmon, McDiarmid, and Mendelson, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 18).

Ornate Winter Frog (Viosca, 1949, Pop. Sci. Bull., Louisiana Acad. Sci., 1: 10).

Distribution

Atlantic Coastal Plain from southeastern North Carolina to central Florida, central Mississippi, and southeastern Louisiana, USA.

Comment

In the Pseudacris nigrita group of Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 106. For discussion see Harper, 1937, Am. Midl. Nat., 18: 260-272. Reviewed by Glorioso, 2010, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 866: 1-8. Jensen, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 477–478, and Dodd, 2013, Frogs U.S. and Canada, 1: 395–400, provided account that summarized the relevant literature and range. Elliot, Gerhardt, and Davidson, 2009, Frogs and Toads of N. Am.: 82–83, provided an account, photos, and advertisement call. Altig and McDiarmid, 2015, Handb. Larval Amph. US and Canada: 207–208, provided an account of larval morphology and biology.  

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