Sphaerotheca pluvialis (Jerdon, 1853)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Dicroglossidae > Subfamily: Dicroglossinae > Genus: Sphaerotheca > Species: Sphaerotheca pluvialis

Pyxicephalus pluvialis Jerdon, 1853, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 22: 534. Types: Not stated, but presumably ZSIC; reported as lost by Jerdon, 1870, Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 1870: 67. ZSI A9074 designated neotype by Dahanukar, Sulakhe, and Padhye, 2017, J. Threatened Taxa, 9: 10272. Type locality: "Carnatic", South India. Neotype from "India: Tamil Nadu: Thiruadisoolam near Pattaravakkam (12.696°N, 80.030°E)".  

Pyxicephalus fodiens Jerdon, 1853, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 22: 534. Types: Not stated, but presumably ZSIC; reported as lost by Jerdon, 1870, Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 1870: 67. ZSI A9074 designated neotype by Dahanukar, Sulakhe, and Padhye, 2017, J. Threatened Taxa, 9: 10272. Type locality: "Carnatic [South India] . . . . also Ceylon". Neotype from "India: Tamil Nadu: Thiruadisoolam near Pattaravakkam (12.696°N, 80.030°E)".  Synonymy with Sphaerotheca breviceps by Anderson, 1871, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1871: 200. Provisional synonymy with Sphaerotheca breviceps by Dubois, 1983, Alytes, 2: 164. Regarded as a synonym of one of the species or incertae sedis within Sphaerotheca by Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 57. Objective synonym of Pyxicephalus pluvialis due to the shared neotype. 

Sphaerotheca strigata Günther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 20. Syntypes: BMNH 1947.2.28.55-62; BMNH 1947.2.28.55 designated lectotype by Dubois, 1983, Alytes, 2: 165. Type locality: "Madras", Tamil Nadu, India. Synonymy with Sphaerotheca breviceps by Günther, 1864, Rept. Brit. India: 411. Regarded as a synonym of one of the species or incertae sedis within Sphaerotheca by Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 57. Placed as a synonym of Sphaerotheca pluvials by Dahanukar, Sulakhe, and Padhye, 2017, J. Threatened Taxa, 9: 10272. 

Tomopterna strigata — Günther, 1860, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1860: 165.

Pyxicephalus (Tomopterna) fodiens — Peters, 1860, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1860: 186. Placed in synonymy of Rana tigerina (sensu lato) by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 26, possibly implying that Peters' use of the name may have been based on misidentified material.

Tomopterna (Sphaerotheca) pluvialisDubois, 2000, in Miehe and Zhang (eds.), Environm. Changes in High Asia: 334. 

Sphaerotheca pluvialis — Marmayou, Dubois, Ohler, Pasquet, and Tillier, 2000, C. R. Acad. Sci., Ser. 3, Paris, 323: 293. Resurrection without discussion. Based on a species other than Sphaerotheca pluvialis according to Dahanukar, Sulakhe, and Padhye, 2017, J. Threatened Taxa, 9: 10276. 

English Names

Jerdon's Burrowing Frog (: 10272). 

Distribution

South India and Sri Lanka. 

Comment

Removed from the synonymy of Sphaerotheca breviceps by Dahanukar, Sulakhe, and Padhye, 2017, J. Threatened Taxa, 9: 10272, who revised the complex (and placed this species in the Sphaerotheca dobsoni group), where it had been placed by Günther, 1864, Rept. Brit. India: 411; Jerdon, 1870, Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 1870: 85; Boulenger, 1890, Fauna Brit. India, Rept. Batr.: 451; Boulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 103. This synonymy considered provisional by Dubois, 1983, Alytes, 2: 164. Regarded as a synonym of one of the species or incertae sedis within Sphaerotheca by Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 57.

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