Sphaerotheca Günther, 1859

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Dicroglossidae > Subfamily: Dicroglossinae > Genus: Sphaerotheca
9 species

Sphaerotheca Günther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 20. Type species: Sphaerotheca strigata Günther, 1859 "1858", by monotypy.

English Names

None noted.

Distribution

Pakistan, India, Nepal, and Sri Lanka; central Myanmar and presumably to be found in Bangladesh; possibly in the Maldives. 

Comment

See comment under Tomopterna. Asian members of Tomopterna removed to Rana by Dubois, 1984, Alytes, 3: 143-159, but this was superseded by Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 56-57, who included several of them and recognized two subgenera (Sphaerotheca and Tomopterna) which were subsequently (Dubois and Ohler, 2000, Alytes, 18: 35) considered to be separate genera on the basis of its posited closer relationship to Hoplobatrachus and Fejervarya than Tomopterna (now in Pyxicephalidae). In the subfamily Dicroglossinae, tribe Dicroglossini according to Dubois, Ohler, and Biju, 2001, Alytes, 19: 55. Vences, Glaw, Kosuch, Das, and Veith, 2000, Lourenço and Goodman (eds.), Diversité et Endéémisme à Madagascar: 229-242, suggested that this taxon may be closely related to the Cacosternines (Petropedetidae). Anders, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 301-316, provided a key and accounts for the species in Nepal. Grosjean, Vences, and Dubois, 2004, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 81: 171-181, suggested on the basis of molecular data that Sphaerotheca is close to Fejervarya. Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297, and Kotaki, Kurabayashi, Matsui, Khonsue, Djong, Tandon, and Sumida, 2008, Zool. Sci., Tokyo, 25: 381-390, suggested that Sphaerotheca is phylogenetically imbedded within a paraphyletic Fejervarya. Dahanukar, Sulakhe, and Padhye, 2017, J. Threatened Taxa, 9: 10269–10285, revised the genus, delimiting three species groups: Leucorhynchus group (Sphaerotheca strachani, Sphaerotheca leucorhynchus), Dobsoni group (Sphaerotheca swani, Sphaerotheca dobsoni, Sphaerotheca pluvialis), and Breviceps group (Sphaerotheca breviceps, Sphaerotheca maskeyi, Sphaerotheca rolandae).These authors showed enormous levels of misidentification in the literature and essentially a lack of any clarity in our understanding of ranges of these species, so caution is warranted. 

Contained taxa (9 sp.):

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