Nanorana yunnanensis (Anderson, 1879)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Dicroglossidae > Subfamily: Dicroglossinae > Genus: Nanorana > Species: Nanorana yunnanensis

Rana yunnanensis Anderson, 1879 "1878", Anat. Zool. Res.: 839. Syntypes: BMNH 2 specimens (now long lost--not mentioned by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 21); BMNH 1947.2.3.76 (lectotype of Rana phrynoides Boulenger, 1917) designated neotype by Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 45. Type locality: "Hotha [= Husa], 5,000 feet above the sea", Yunnan, China; neotype from Tongchuan Fu [= Dongchuan Shi], Yunnan, China.

Rana phrynoides Boulenger, 1917, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 8, 20: 413. Syntypes: BMNH 1947.2.3.76-82; BMNH 1947.2.3.76 designated lectotype by Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 45. Type locality: "Yunnan at Tongchuan fu", Yunnan, China. Synonymy by Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 162, and Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 45.

Rana (Rana) yunnanensisBoulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 8.

Rana (Rana) phrynoidesBoulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 8.

Rana (Paa) phrynoidesDubois, 1975, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Ser. 3, Zool., 324: 1097; Dubois, 1976, Cah. Nepal., Doc., 6: 24.

Rana (Paa) yunnanensisDubois, 1975, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Ser. 3, Zool., 324: 1098; Dubois, 1976, Cah. Nepal., Doc., 6: 24; Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 43.

Rana muta Su and Li, 1986, Acta Herpetol. Sinica, Chengdu, N.S.,, 5 (2): 152-154. Holotype: KIZ 79006, by original designation. Type locality: "Ninglang County, Yunnan [Province], alt. 2,650 m", China. Preoccupied by Rana muta Laurenti, 1768 (= Rana temporaria Linnaeus, 1758). Synonymy by Che, Hu, Zhou, Murphy, Papenfuss, Chen, Rao, Li, and Zhang, 2009, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 50: 71, and Chen and Hu, 2009, Sichuan J. Zool., 28: 696-699. .

Rana (Paa) liui Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 150. Replacement name for Rana muta Su and Li, 1986.

Paa (Paa) mutaFei, Ye, and Huang, 1990, Key to Chinese Amph.: 158. Paa (Gynandropaa) yunnanensisDubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 319.

Paa (Paa) yunnanensisFei, Ye, and Huang, 1990, Key to Chinese Amph.: 158. Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China: 279; Fei and Ye, 2001, Color Handbook Amph. Sichuan: 187.

Paa (Gynandropaa) liuiDubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 319.

Rana liuiZhao and Adler, 1993, Herpetol. China: 144.

Rana yunnanensisZhao and Adler, 1993, Herpetol. China: 151.

Paa (Paa) liuiFei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 216).

Nanorana liuiChen, Murphy, Lathrop, Ngo, Orlov, Ho, and Somorjai, 2005, Herpetol. J., 15: 239, by implication; Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 367.

Nanorana yunnanensisChen, Murphy, Lathrop, Ngo, Orlov, Ho, and Somorjai, 2005, Herpetol. J., 15: 239, by implication; Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 367.

Gynandropaa (Gynandropaa) liuiOhler and Dubois, 2006, Zoosystema, 28: 781.

Gynandropaa (Gynandropaa) yunnanensisOhler and Dubois, 2006, Zoosystema, 28: 781.

Nanorana (Chaparana) yunnanensisChe, Zhou, Hu, Papenfuss, Wake, and Zhang, 2010, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., doi:10.1073/pnas.1008415107/-/DCSupplemental: 2.

Gynandropaa liuiFei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Herpetol. Sinica, 12: 25. Unexplained recognition.

Gynandropaa yunnanensisFei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Herpetol. Sinica, 12: 25.

English Names

Yunnan Paa Frog (Paa yunnanensis: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 103).

Yunnan Spiny Frog (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 220).

Ninglang Paa Frog (Nanorana liui [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 102).

Vocal Sacless Spiny Frog (Nanorana liui [no longer recognized]: Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 218).

Distribution

Higher elevations of southwestern China (Guizhou, Yunnan, southeastern Sichuan, Chongong, soutwestern Hunan provinces) to Upper Myanmar (and presumably intervening Laos).

Comment

Discussed (as Rana phrynoides and Rana yunnanensis) by Boulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 69, 73; Liu, 1950, Fieldiana, Zool. Mem., 2: 272-277; Pope, 1931, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 61: 499-500; and Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 293-295, 299-301. See comment under Nanorana liui. See accounts by Yang, 1991, Amph. Fauna of Yunnan: 161-163; and Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China: 286; and Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 219-221. Fei and Ye, 2001, Color Handbook Amph. Sichuan: 187, provided a brief account and illustration. See also brief account by Zhao and Yang, 1997, Amph. Rept. Hengduan Mountains Region: 100-101. Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 25, provided specific localities for Vietnam and (p. 149) a photograph. Yang, 2008, in Yang and Rao (ed.), Amph. Rept. Yunnan: 87-88, provided a brief account (as Paa yunnanensis) for Yunnan, China. Reported (as Rana bourreti) for Thailand by Khonsue and Thirakhupt, 2001, Nat. Hist. J. Chulalongkorn Univ., 1: 72. Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 124-125, provided a very brief account (as Rana bourreti), map for Thailand, and photograph. Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 24, provided specific localities (as Paa bourreti) for Vietnam. Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 339, noted that this species (Paa liui) may be a junior synonym of Paa sichuanensis. Yang, 1991, Amph. Fauna of Yunnan: 137-138 (as Rana muta), Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 218-219, provided a brief account, figure, and map (as Rana liui). Fei and Ye, 2001, Color Handbook Amph. Sichuan: 186, provided a brief account and illustration (as Paa liui). See also brief account by Zhao and Yang, 1997, Amph. Rept. Hengduan Mountains Region: 92-93 (as Rana bourreti). Yang, 2008, in Yang and Rao (ed.), Amph. Rept. Yunnan: 84-85, provided a brief account (as Paa liui) for Yunnan, China. See illustration, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Paa liui and Paa yunnaneisis) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 491, 492. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 3: 1421-1429, provided accounts (as Paa liui and Paa yunnanensis) for China, figures, and map, and included this species in their Paa yunnanensis group. Chen and Ye, 2009, Zool. Res., Kunming, 30: 662-670, reported on a predictive distribution of the species in Yunnan, China, apparently in the sense of including Nanorana bourreti in synonymy. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 369 (as Paa liui) and page 380 (as Paa yunnanensis), provided a brief account including photographs of specimens and habitat. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 449, 451, provided accounts (as Gynandropaa liui: 449; and Gynandropaa yunnanensis: 451), photographs, and range maps for China. 

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