Limnonectes paramacrodon (Inger, 1966)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Dicroglossidae > Subfamily: Dicroglossinae > Genus: Limnonectes > Species: Limnonectes paramacrodon

Rana paramacrodon Inger, 1966, Fieldiana, Zool., 52: 228. Holotype: FMNH 76883, by original designation. Type locality: "Sungei Tawan, a small tributary of the Kalabakan River, Tawau District, Sabah", Malaysia (Borneo).

Rana paramacrodon paramacrodonInger, 1966, Fieldiana, Zool., 52: 231-233.

Limnonectes (Limnonectes) paramacrodonDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 63.

English Names

Tawau Wart Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 100).

Peat Swamp Frog (Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 116).

Masked Frog (Das, Jankowski, Makmor, and Haas, 2007, Mitt. Hamburg. Zool. Mus. Inst., 104: 151).

Lesser Swamp Frog (Das, 2007, Amph. Rept. Brunei: 54).


Extreme southern peninsular Thailand, West Malaysia, Singapore, and western and northern Borneo (Malaysia, Brunei, and Indonesia); Natuna Besar.


See account by Berry, 1975, Amph. Fauna Peninsular Malaysia: 83-85, and brief account by Lim and Lim, 1992, Guide Amph. Rept. Singapore: 35 (as Rana paramacrodon). Singapore record from Lim, 1989, Raffles Bull. Zool., 37: 51-57. See identification table by Manthey and Grossmann, 1997, Amph. Rept. Südostasiens: 84-86, to compare this species with other ranids of the Sunda Shelf region. In the Limnonectes (Limnonectes) grunniens group of Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 63. Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 116-117, provided a very brief account, map for Thailand, and photograph. Das, Jankowski, Makmor, and Haas, 2007, Mitt. Hamburg. Zool. Mus. Inst., 104: 152, provided a brief description. See statement of geographic range, habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 629. Das, 2007, Amph. Rept. Brunei: 54, provided a photograph and brief account. Shahriza and Ibrahim, 2014, Check List, 10: 253–259, provided a photograph and brief natural history observations for a population in Kedah, West Malaysia.

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