Fejervarya multistriata (Hallowell, 1861)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Dicroglossidae > Subfamily: Dicroglossinae > Genus: Fejervarya > Species: Fejervarya multistriata

Rana gracilis Wiegmann, 1834, in Meyen (ed.), Reise in die Erde K. Preuss. Seehandl., 3(Zool.): 517. Subsequently published by Wiegmann, 1834, Nova Acta Phys. Med. Acad. Caesar Leopold Carol., Halle, 17: 257. Holotype: ZMB 3255, according to Peters, 1863, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1863: 78. Type locality: "China (bei Cap Syng-more)" [Kap Shui Mun, Lantau Island, Hongkong, China]. Considered a junior synonym of Rana kuhlii by Theobald, 1868, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 37: 80. Peters, 1871, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1871: 647, considered this a synonym of Rana limnocharis (followed by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 28, Van Kampen, 1923, Amph. Indo-Austral. Arch.: 167, and Liu, 1950, Fieldiana, Zool. Mem., 2: 315). Dubois, 1984, Alytes, 3: 154, discussed the name and suggested that it was likely in the subgenus Fejervarya, but the name would have to be replaced if it were to be used for a known population of frogs because it is preoccupied by Rana gracilis Gravenhorst, 1829. Considered incertae sedis within Fejervarya by Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 61; without discussion. Recognized as distinct by Dubois and Ohler, 2000, Alytes, 18: 43. Placed here as a potential senior synonym of Rana multstriata on the basis of its type locality (DRF).

Rana multistriata Hallowell, 1861 "1860", Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 12: 505. Syntypes: 2 specimens, presumably in ANSP or USNM, considered lost by Dubois and Ohler, 2000, Alytes, 18: 43, who designated ZMB 3255 (the holotype of Rana gracilis Wiegmann) as neotype. Type locality: "Hong-Kong, China". Neotype from "China (bei Cap Syng-more)" [Kap Shui Mun, Lantau Island, Hongkong, China]. Considered a nomen dubium by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 7; this corrected by the neotype designation.

Rana gracilisBourret, 1927, Fauna Indochine, Vert., 3: 264.

Fejervarya multistriataDubois and Ohler, 2000, Alytes, 18: 35.

English Names

Paddy Frog (Karsen, Lau, and Bogadek, 1986, Hong Kong Amph. Rept.: 20, as Rana limnocharis).

Hong Kong Rice-paddy Frog (Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 350).

Distribution

Subtropical and tropical China from Yunnan through Guangdong to Hong Kong and Hainan and Taiwan; presumably also including populations in adjacent Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, and Myanmar.

Comment

See Dubois and Ohler, 2000, Alytes, 18: 45, for nomenclatural discussion. The name Rana gracilis was published twice: first in 1834 (Wiegmann, 1834, in Meyen (ed.), Reise in die Erde K. Preuss. Seehandl., 3(Zool.)), and then in early 1835 (Wiegmann, 1834, Nova Acta Phys. Med. Acad. Caesar Leopold Carol., Halle, 17: 185-268). For additional discussion see Lavilla, 1997, Cuad. Herpetol., 11: 75-80, Anonymous, 1910, Cat. Books Mss Maps Brit. Mus., Vol. 3, and Bauer and Adler, 2001, Arch. Nat. Hist., London, 28: 313-326. Fei, Ye, Jiang, and Xie, 2002, Herpetol. Sinica, 9: 88-96, and Kuramoto, Joshy, Kurabayashi, and Sumida, 2008 "2007", Curr. Herpetol., Kyoto, 26: 81-105, suggested that the name Fejervarya multistriata applies to populations in China formerly referred to Fejervarya limnocharis. Zhong, Liu, and Wang, 2008, Zool. Sci., Tokyo, 25: 811-820, reported on molecular phylogeographics and noted two geographically isolated lineages of nominal Fejervarya multistriata, a northern one associated with the Yangtze drainage (now associated with Fejervarya kawamurai) and another in southern China (and likely into Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, and Myanmar), now considered Fejervarya multistriata sensu stricto. Djong, Matsui, Kuramoto, Nishioka, and Sumida, 2011, Zool. Sci., Tokyo, 28:922-929, referred all specimens from subtropical China from Yunnan, through Guangdong to Hong Kong and Hainan to Fejervarya multistriata, and all records from central and northern China to Fejervarya kawamurai. Yang, 1991, Amph. Fauna of Yunnan: 131-133, provided an account for Yunnan, China (as Rana limnocharis). Lue, Tu, and Hsiang, 1999, Atlas Taiwan Amph. Rept.: 72-73, provided a brief account as Fejervarya limnocharis for Taiwan (presumably based on Fejervarya multistriata and Fejervarya sakishimensis). Chinese population (as Rana limnocharis; presumably representing both Fejervarya multistriata and Fejervarya kawamurai) reviewed by Liu, 1950, Fieldiana, Zool. Mem., 2: 315-318, and Pope, 1931, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 61: 491-495. See account by Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China: 249. Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 182-183, provided a brief account of China population, map, and figure, covering both Fejervarya multistriata and Fejervarya kawamurai as Rana limnocharis. Fei and Ye, 2001, Color Handbook Amph. Sichuan: 179, provided a brief account and illustration, covering both Fejervarya multistriata and Fejervarya kawamurai as Rana limnocharis. Zhang and Wen, 2000, Amph. Guangxi: 95, provided an account (as Rana limnocharis) for Guangxi, presumably addressing Fejervarya multistriata. Song, Jang, Zou, and Shi, 2002, Herpetol. Sinica, 9: 70, reported this species (as Rana limnocharis) for Hainan, China. Fei, Ye, Jiang, and Xie, 2002, Herpetol. Sinica, 9: 88-96, recognized several species in this complex, including Fejervarya multistriata for Chinese populations, but did not sufficiently diagnose the taxa. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 3: 1310-1319, provided an account as Fejervarya limnocharis for China, figures, and map, presumably covering both Fejervarya kawamurai and Fejervarya multistriata. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 350-351 (as Fejervarya multistriata, but presumably covering Chinese populations of Fejervarya kawamurai as well), provided a brief account including photographs of specimens and habitat. Shi, 2011, Amph. Rept. Fauna Hainan: 109-113, provided an account for Hainan as Rana limnocharis, although this population is now referred to Fejervarya multistriataFei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 422-423, provided an account, photographs, and a range map for China, in the sense of including Fejervarya kawamurari as conspecific with Fejervarya multistriataZhou, Qiu, Fang, Yang, Zhao, Fang, Zheng, and Liu, 2014, Zool. Res., Kunming, 35: 42–50, reported on call characteristics in China (as Fejervarya limnocharis). Huang and Tu, 2016, Genet. Mol. Res., 15 (3, gmr.15038302): 1–9, reported on a mitogenome of this species with comments on its phylogenetic placement, including the possibility that this nominal species is a synonym of Fejervarya limnocharis. Yang, Peng, Xu, and Huang, 2017, Asian Herpetol. Res., 8: 22–26, reported on color pattern polymorphism in a population in Lingnan, Huangshan, China. 

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