Ranitomeya reticulata (Boulenger, 1884)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Dendrobatoidea > Family: Dendrobatidae > Subfamily: Dendrobatinae > Genus: Ranitomeya > Species: Ranitomeya reticulata

Dendrobates reticulatus Boulenger, 1884 "1883", Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1883: 635. Syntypes: BMNH, by original designation; BMNH 1947.2.5.10 designated lectotype by Silverstone, 1975, Sci. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 21: 35. Type locality: "Yurimaguas, Huallaga River, [Loreto,] Northern Peru".

Dendrobates tinctorius igneus Melin, 1941, Göteborgs K. Vetensk. Vitterh. Samh. Handl., Ser. B, 1: 66. Syntypes: NHMG 19.1.1925 (2 specimens), according to Brown, Twomey, Amézquita, Souza, Caldwell, Lötters, von May, Melo-Sampaio, Mejía-Vargas, Pérez-Peña, Pepper, Poelman, Sanchez-Rodriguez, and Summers, 2011, Zootaxa, 3083: 52. Type locality: "Rio Itaya (near Iquitos), Perú". Synonymy by Brown, Twomey, Amézquita, Souza, Caldwell, Lötters, von May, Melo-Sampaio, Mejía-Vargas, Pérez-Peña, Pepper, Poelman, Sanchez-Rodriguez, and Summers, 2011, Zootaxa, 3083: 52. Earlier removed from the synonym of Ranitomeya quinquevittata (as Dendrobates) by Schulte, 1999, Pfeilgiftfrösche: XXX, where it had been placed by Silverstone, 1975, Sci. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 21: 11.

Ranitomeya reticulataBauer, 1986, Ripa, Netherlands, November: 11. Bauer, 1988, Het Paludarium, Netherlands, November: 2, 5; Grant, Frost, Caldwell, Gagliardo, Haddad, Kok, Means, Noonan, Schargel, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 299: 171.

Ranitomeya igneaGrant, Frost, Caldwell, Gagliardo, Haddad, Kok, Means, Noonan, Schargel, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 299: 171.

Dendrobates igneusSantos, Coloma, Summers, Caldwell, Ree, and Cannatella, 2009, PLoS Biol., 7(3)e56: 0001-0014, by implication.

English Names

Red-backed Poison Frog (Walls, 1994, Jewels of the Rainforest: 24; CITES).

Redback Poison Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 50).

Reticulated Poison Frog (CITES).

Distribution

Amazonian rainforests of Loreto, Peru, and Pastaza Province, Ecuador.

Comment

Myers and Daly, 1980, Am. Mus. Novit., 2692: 1, removed this species from the synonymy of Ranitomeya quinquevittata. See also Caldwell and Myers, 1990, Am. Mus. Novit., 2988: 1-21. Zimmermann and Zimmermann, 1984, Aquar. Mag., Stuttgart, 1984: 41, mapped an unstated locality other than the type locality. See Myers, 1982, Am. Mus. Novit., 2721: 3-4, who provided another locality with explicit data. Rodríguez and Duellman, 1994, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 22: 16–17, provided a brief account as Dendrobates reticulatus.  Schulte, 1999, Pfeilgiftfrösche: 49-56, provided an account. Lötters, Jungfer, Henkel, and Schmidt, 2007, Poison Frogs: 489-493, provided an account and placed this species in their Ranitomeya ventrimaculata group. In the Ranitomeya reticulata species group of Brown, Twomey, Amézquita, Souza, Caldwell, Lötters, von May, Melo-Sampaio, Mejía-Vargas, Pérez-Peña, Pepper, Poelman, Sanchez-Rodriguez, and Summers, 2011, Zootaxa, 3083: 47, and who provided an account on page 52-53.

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