Dendrobates auratus (Girard, 1855)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Dendrobatoidea > Family: Dendrobatidae > Subfamily: Dendrobatinae > Genus: Dendrobates > Species: Dendrobates auratus

Phyllobates auratus Girard, 1855 "1854", Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 7: 226. Holotype: Not stated; probably USNM 10307 according to Dunn, 1941, Copeia, 1941: 88; stated to be USNM 10307 by Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 69. Type locality: "Island of Taboga, in the Bay of Panama".

Dendrobates latimaculatus Günther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 125. Holotype: BMNH 52.12.11.8, according to Silverstone, 1975, Sci. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 21: 40. Type locality: "Isthmus of Darien [Panama]". Tentative synonymy by Taylor, 1952, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 35: 635. Synonymy by Silverstone, 1975, Sci. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 21: 11, 40.

Hylaplesia aurataCope, 1863, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 15: 49.

Dendrobates tinctorius var. auratusSteindachner, 1864, Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien, 14: 261.

Dendrobates trivittatus var. aurataPeters, 1873, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1873: 618.

Dendrobates amoenus Werner, 1901, Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien, 51: 627. Holotype: NHMW 16514 (formerly 1904.111.95) according to Dunn, 1941, Copeia, 1941: 88, and Häupl and Tiedemann, 1978, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 2: 16 (formerly in Zoologisches Museum Königsberg, Germany). Type locality: "Costa Rica". Synonymy by Dunn, 1941, Copeia, 1941: 88; Savage, 1968, Copeia, 1968: 759–760.

Dendrobates auratusDunn, 1931, Occas. Pap. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 5: 393; Cochran, 1961, Living Amph. World: 107.

Hylaplesia tinctoria latimaculataDunn, 1941, Copeia, 1941: 88. Attributed incorrectly to Günther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 125.

Dendrobates tinctorius auratusLaurent, 1942, Bull. Mus. R. Hist. Nat. Belg., 18: 12.

English Names

Gold Arrow-poison Frog (Cochran, 1961, Living Amph. World: 84).

Green and Black Poison Frog (Walls, 1994, Jewels of the Rainforest: 20; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 49).

Green and Black Poison-dart Frog (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 48).

Green and Black Poison-arrow Frog (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 48).

Green Poison-arrow Frog (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 48).

Green and Golden Poison-arrow Frog (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 48).

Golden Poison-arrow Frog (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 48).

Green Poison Frog (CITES).

Distribution

Humid lowlands from southern Nicaragua to the Golfo de Urabá in Colombia on the Caribbean and on the Pacific versant from southwestern Costa Rica through Panama to the lower Atrato River drainage of western Colombia, 0–800 m elevation; introduced in Oahu, Hawaii, USA.

Comment

See account by Savage, 1968, Copeia, 1968: 759-760, and Silverstone, 1975, Sci. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 21: 40. See account by Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 383-384,  Lötters, Jungfer, Henkel, and Schmidt, 2007, Poison Frogs: 531-538, provided an account. See comments by Sunyer, Páiz, Dehling, and Köhler, 2009, Herpetol. Notes, 2: 189-202, regarding Nicaraguan populations. Lannoo and Nanjappa, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 440–441, and Dodd, 2013, Frogs U.S. and Canada, 2: 809–811, provided accounts that summarized the relevant literature for the introduced Hawaii population. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 131–136, provided a key to the species of Dendrobates in Central America and provided a map and photographs of the species. Zug, 2013, Rept. Amph. Pacific Is.: 61–62, provided a brief account of the Hawaiian population and photograph. Altig and McDiarmid, 2015, Handb. Larval Amph. US and Canada: 188–189, provided an account of larval morphology and biology. Lawrence, Jordan, and Urquhart, 2017 "2016", Herpetol. Rev., 47: 622, provided the southern-most record in Nicaragua and briefly discussed the range.    

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