Rheobates palmatus (Werner, 1899)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Dendrobatoidea > Family: Aromobatidae > Subfamily: Anomaloglossinae > Genus: Rheobates > Species: Rheobates palmatus

Phyllobates (Hypodictyon) palmatus Werner, 1899, Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien, 49: 479. Holotype: Originally ZIUG; now ZFMK 28134, according to Böhme and Bischoff, 1984, Bonn. Zool. Monogr., 19: 180. Type locality: "Fusagasugá, 1700 m, (bei Bogotá)", Departamento Cundinamarca, Colombia.

Hylixalus granuliventris Boulenger, 1919, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1919: 79-81. Holotype: BMNH, by original designation. Type locality: "Bogotá", Cundinamarca, Colombia. Synonymy by Dunn, 1957, Copeia, 1957: 77; Cochran and Goin, 1970, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 288: 52.

Syrrhophus palmatusBarbour and Noble, 1920, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 63: 401.

Hyloxalus granuliventrisHellmich, 1939, Wochenschr. Aquar. Terrarienkd., Braunschweig, 36: 536. Hellmich, 1940, Zool. Anz., 131: 114; Dunn, 1944, Caldasia, 2: 403.

Hyloxalus palmatusDunn, 1944, Caldasia, 2: 403.

Prostherapis palmatusDunn, 1957, Copeia, 1957: 77.

Phyllobates palmatusCochran, 1966, Mem. Inst. Butantan, São Paulo, 33: 64.

Prostherapis granuliventris —Dunn In Savage, 1968, Copeia, 1968: 6, by implication.

Colostethus granuliventrisEdwards, 1971, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 84: 148.

Colostethus palmatusEdwards, 1971, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 84: 148.

Colostethus palmatus granuliventrisGorham, 1974, Checklist World Amph.: 115.

Colostethus palmatus palmatusGorham, 1974, Checklist World Amph.: 115.

Rheobates palmatusGrant, Frost, Caldwell, Gagliardo, Haddad, Kok, Means, Noonan, Schargel, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 299: 159.

English Names

Palm Rocket Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 49).

Distribution

Cordillera Oriental (both slopes), eastern slope of the Cordillera Central, and Serranía de La Macarena at elevations of 350-2500 m elevation, Colombia.

Comment

Prior to the revision of Grant, Frost, Caldwell, Gagliardo, Haddad, Kok, Means, Noonan, Schargel, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 299, in the Colostethus fuliginosus group (Group VI) of Rivero, 1990 "1988", Mem. Soc. Cienc. Nat. La Salle, 48: 3-32. Lynch and Renjifo, 2001, Guia Anf. Rept. Bogota: 43, presented a brief account and photograph. Lynch, 2006, Caldasia, 28: 139, characterized the range in Colombia. Guarnizo, Paz, Muñoz-Ortiz, Flechas, Méndez-Narváez, and Crawford, 2016, PLoS One, 10(5: e0127312): 1–20, suggested on the basis of molecular evidence that three species likely exist in Colombia under this binomial. 

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