Adelphobates castaneoticus (Caldwell and Myers, 1990)
Dendrobates castaneoticus Caldwell and Myers, 1990, Am. Mus. Novit., 2988: 1. Holotype: MZUSP 64775, by original designation. Type locality: "primary lowland forest near Cachoeira Juruá, Rio Xingu, State of Pará, Brazil....appoximately 03°22′S, 51°51′W ... within a loop of the Rio Xingu, about 220 km S of its junction with the Rio Amazonas".
Adelphobtes castaneoticus — Grant, Frost, Caldwell, Gagliardo, Haddad, Kok, Means, Noonan, Schargel, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 299: 172.
Brazil-nut Poison Frog (Walls, 1994, Jewels of the Rainforest: 22; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 49).
Known only from several localities in the region of the type locality and from Taperinha, nearly 300 km to the northwest of the type locality (Pará, Brazil); also reported more than 500 km to the southwest of the type locality at Novo Progresso, also in Pará.
Lötters, Jungfer, Henkel, and Schmidt, 2007, Poison Frogs: 518-520, provided an account. Lima and Gallati, 2011, Herpetol. Notes, 4: 93-94, provided a record in Pará, Brazil, and discussed the range. Camera and Krinski, 2014, Check List, 10: 244-245, provided an additional record for Pará, Brazil.
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