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Dendrobatinae Cope, 1865
Phyllobatae Fitzinger, 1843, Syst. Rept.: 32. Type genus: Phyllobates Duméril and Bibron, 1841.
Eubaphidae Bonaparte, 1850, Conspect. Syst. Herpetol. Amph.: 1 p. Type genus: Eubaphus Bonaparte, 1831.
Eubaphina — Bonaparte, 1850, Conspect. Syst. Herpetol. Amph.: 1 p.
Hylaplesidae Günther, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1858: 345. Type genus: Hylaplesia Boie, 1827 (= Hysaplesia Boie, 1826).
Dendrobatidae Cope, 1865, Nat. Hist. Rev., N.S., 5: 100. Type genus: Dendrobates Wagler, 1830.
Hylaplesiina — Günther, 1868, Zool. Rec., 4: 148.
Hylaplesiidae — Cope, 1875, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 1: 8.
Hylaplesiida — Knauer, 1883, Naturgesch. Lurche: 112.
Phyllobatinae — Ardila-Robayo, 1979, Caldasia, 12: 385.
Dendrobatoidae — Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 309. Epifamily.
Nicaragua east to Guianan South America, south to the eastern slopes of the Andes in Bolivia and the lower Amazon Basin in Brazil.
Roberts, Brown, von May, Arizabal, Presar, Symula, Schulte, and Summers, 2006, Herpetol. J., 16: 377-385, discussed the phylogenetics of this group under the older inclusive name Dendrobates. Brown, Twomey, Amézquita, Souza, Caldwell, Lötters, von May, Melo-Sampaio, Mejía-Vargas, Pérez-Peña, Pepper, Poelman, Sanchez-Rodriguez, and Summers, 2011, Zootaxa, 3083: 1-120, provided a key to the small aposematic species of South America. Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543-583, in their study of Genbank sequences, confirmed the monophyly of this taxon and provided a tree of their molecular exemplars. However, they adopted an outdated taxonomy that makes interpreting their results difficult.
Contained taxa (55 sp.):
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