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Colostethus panamansis (Dunn, 1933)
Hyloxalus panamansis Dunn, 1933, Occas. Pap. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 8: 69. Holotype: MCZ 19209, by original designation. Type locality: "El Valle de Anton in the northwestern corner of the Province of Panama", Panama. (Grant, Frost, Ibáñez, Myers, and Savage, 2006, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 63: 39–41, submitted a petition to ICZN to treat this spelling as an incorrect original spelling.) Name conserved by Opinion 2195 (Anonymous, 2008, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 65: 77–78).
Hyloxalus panamensis — Dunn, 1940, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 92: 109. Incorrect subsequent spelling
Hyloxalus panamanensis — Peters, 1952, Occas. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan, 539: 18. Incorrect subsequent spelling.
Prostherapis panamansis — Duellman, 1966, Herpetologica, 22: 219.
Prostherapis inguinalis panamensis — Heatwole and Sexton, 1966, Am. Midl. Nat., 75: 58. Incorrect subsequent spelling of species name.
Colostethus panamensis — Grant, 2004, Am. Mus. Novit., 3444: 12; Grant, Frost, Ibáñez, Myers, and Savage, 2006, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 63: 39-41. Incorrect subsequent spelling.
Elevations below 800 m throughout the eastern two-thirds of Panama, including the provinces of Coclé, Colón, Darien, Herrera, Panamá, and San Blas; also in extreme northwestern Colombia in the Parque Nacional Natural Los Katios, Department of Chocó, sea level to 900 m elevation.
Removed from the synonymy of Colostethus inguinalis by Grant, 2004, Am. Mus. Novit., 3444: 12, where it had been placed by Heatwole and Sexton, 1966, Am. Midl. Nat., 75: 58; Savage, 1968, Copeia, 1968: 751; and Silverstone, 1976, Sci. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 27: 6. Crawford, Cruz, Griffith, Ross, Ibáñez, Lips, Driskell, Bermingham, and Crump, 2013, Mol. Ecol. Resources, 13: 1005–1018, detected potential cryptic lineages within this taxon. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 130–131, provided a key to the species in Central America and provided a map and photographs of this species.
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